open access

Vol 47, No 4 (2015)
Review articles
Submitted: 2015-09-20
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Ultrasound guided axillary brachial plexus plexus block. Part 2 — technical issues

Piotr Nowakowski, Andrzej Bieryło
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.2015.0053
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2015;47(4):417-424.

open access

Vol 47, No 4 (2015)
Review articles
Submitted: 2015-09-20

Abstract

Axillary brachial plexus block is one of the most frequently employed peripheral blocks. The popularity of axillary block stems from its success as a safe and relatively easy technique with numerous applications. The technique of axillary block has evolved. It was modified after the development of precise nerve localization modalities. Currently, ultrasound is the most important localization technique for regional anaesthesia. Ultrasound-guided axillary block encompasses a spectrum of techniques. The selection of a specific technique can be adjusted to an operator’s individual level of skill and proficiency. Axillary block under US-guidance can be performed using a traditional perivascular method and by placing a selective blockade of individual nerves that supply the surgical area. Regardless of the selected method, it enables the incorporation of individual patient anatomical variation in an anaesthesia plan. This paper discusses the technical details and efficacy issues of US-guided axillary brachial plexus block techniques.

Abstract

Axillary brachial plexus block is one of the most frequently employed peripheral blocks. The popularity of axillary block stems from its success as a safe and relatively easy technique with numerous applications. The technique of axillary block has evolved. It was modified after the development of precise nerve localization modalities. Currently, ultrasound is the most important localization technique for regional anaesthesia. Ultrasound-guided axillary block encompasses a spectrum of techniques. The selection of a specific technique can be adjusted to an operator’s individual level of skill and proficiency. Axillary block under US-guidance can be performed using a traditional perivascular method and by placing a selective blockade of individual nerves that supply the surgical area. Regardless of the selected method, it enables the incorporation of individual patient anatomical variation in an anaesthesia plan. This paper discusses the technical details and efficacy issues of US-guided axillary brachial plexus block techniques.

Get Citation

Keywords

regional anaesthesia, peripheral nerve block, brachial plexus; regional anaesthesia, peripheral nerve block, axillary block; regional anaesthesia, techniques

About this article
Title

Ultrasound guided axillary brachial plexus plexus block. Part 2 — technical issues

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 47, No 4 (2015)

Pages

417-424

DOI

10.5603/AIT.2015.0053

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2015;47(4):417-424.

Keywords

regional anaesthesia
peripheral nerve block
brachial plexus
regional anaesthesia
peripheral nerve block
axillary block
regional anaesthesia
techniques

Authors

Piotr Nowakowski
Andrzej Bieryło

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