open access

Vol 47, No 1 (2015)
Review articles
Submitted: 2015-03-06

Assessment of regional ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome by electrical impedance tomography

Michał Stankiewicz-Rudnicki, Tomasz Gaszyński, Wojciech Gaszyński
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.2015.0007
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2015;47(1):77-81.

open access

Vol 47, No 1 (2015)
Review articles
Submitted: 2015-03-06

Abstract

Mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) incurs a risk of ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) from inhomogeneous conditions and different properties of dependent and non-dependent lung regions at risk of atelectasis and overdistension, respectively. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) offers regional ventilation assessment to optimise treatment with mechanical ventilation. This article provides an overview of scientific literature on the application of impedance tomography in acute respiratory distress syndrome. It also presents the results of EIT studies in different clinical situations that may be of use in implementing impedance tomography for treating ARDS.

Keywords

acute respiratory distress syndrome, overdistension, electrical impedance tomography, positive end-expiratory pressure, recruitment manoeuvre, ventilator-associated lung injury

About this article
Title

Assessment of regional ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome by electrical impedance tomography

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 47, No 1 (2015)

Pages

77-81

DOI

10.5603/AIT.2015.0007

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2015;47(1):77-81.

Keywords

acute respiratory distress syndrome
overdistension
electrical impedance tomography
positive end-expiratory pressure
recruitment manoeuvre
ventilator-associated lung injury

Authors

Michał Stankiewicz-Rudnicki
Tomasz Gaszyński
Wojciech Gaszyński

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