open access

Vol 46, No 2 (2014 Apr-Jun)
Review articles
Submitted: 2014-05-09
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Procedural sedation and analgesia for gastrointestinal endoscopy in infants and children: how, with what, and by whom?

Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska, Jowita Rosada-Kurasińska, Marzena Zielińska, Małgorzata Grześkowiak, Agnieszka Bienert, Ian A. Jenkins, Iwona Ignyś
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.2014.0021
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2014;46(2):109-115.

open access

Vol 46, No 2 (2014 Apr-Jun)
Review articles
Submitted: 2014-05-09

Abstract

Endoscopic procedures involving the gastrointestinal tract have been successfully developed in paediatric practice over the last two decades, improving both diagnosis and treatment in many children’s gastrointestinal diseases. In this group of patients, experience and co-operation between paediatricians/endoscopists and paediatric anaesthesiologists should help to guarantee the quality and safety of a procedure and should additionally help to minimise the risk of adverse events which are greater the smaller the child is. This principle is more and more important especially since the announcement of the Helsinki Declaration on Patient Safety in Anaesthesiology in 2010, emphasising the role of anaesthesiology in promoting safe perioperative care. The Helsinki Declaration has been endorsed by all European anaesthesiology institutions as well as the World Health Organisation’s ‘Safe Surgery Saves Lives’ initiative including the ‘Surgical Safety Checklist’. Although most of these procedures could be performed by paediatricians under procedural sedation and analgesia, children with congenital defects and serious coexisting diseases (ASA ≥ III) as well as the usage of anaesthetics (e.g. propofol) must be managed by paediatric anaesthesiologists. We have reviewed the specific principles employed during qualification and performance of procedural sedation and analgesia for gastrointestinal endoscopy in paediatrics. We have also tried to answer the questions as to how, with what, and by whom, procedural sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy in children should be performed.

Abstract

Endoscopic procedures involving the gastrointestinal tract have been successfully developed in paediatric practice over the last two decades, improving both diagnosis and treatment in many children’s gastrointestinal diseases. In this group of patients, experience and co-operation between paediatricians/endoscopists and paediatric anaesthesiologists should help to guarantee the quality and safety of a procedure and should additionally help to minimise the risk of adverse events which are greater the smaller the child is. This principle is more and more important especially since the announcement of the Helsinki Declaration on Patient Safety in Anaesthesiology in 2010, emphasising the role of anaesthesiology in promoting safe perioperative care. The Helsinki Declaration has been endorsed by all European anaesthesiology institutions as well as the World Health Organisation’s ‘Safe Surgery Saves Lives’ initiative including the ‘Surgical Safety Checklist’. Although most of these procedures could be performed by paediatricians under procedural sedation and analgesia, children with congenital defects and serious coexisting diseases (ASA ≥ III) as well as the usage of anaesthetics (e.g. propofol) must be managed by paediatric anaesthesiologists. We have reviewed the specific principles employed during qualification and performance of procedural sedation and analgesia for gastrointestinal endoscopy in paediatrics. We have also tried to answer the questions as to how, with what, and by whom, procedural sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy in children should be performed.

Get Citation

Keywords

gastrointestinal endoscopy, children, sedation

About this article
Title

Procedural sedation and analgesia for gastrointestinal endoscopy in infants and children: how, with what, and by whom?

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 46, No 2 (2014 Apr-Jun)

Pages

109-115

DOI

10.5603/AIT.2014.0021

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2014;46(2):109-115.

Keywords

gastrointestinal endoscopy
children
sedation

Authors

Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska
Jowita Rosada-Kurasińska
Marzena Zielińska
Małgorzata Grześkowiak
Agnieszka Bienert
Ian A. Jenkins
Iwona Ignyś

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