open access

Vol 46, No 1 (2014 Jan-Mar)
Review articles
Submitted: 2014-03-11
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Psychological reactions in family members of patients hospitalised in intensive care units

Natalia Jezierska
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.2014.0009
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2014;46(1):42-45.

open access

Vol 46, No 1 (2014 Jan-Mar)
Review articles
Submitted: 2014-03-11

Abstract

The environment of the intensive care unit (ICU) is burdensome to a patient and the patient’s family. There is a higher risk of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders in the ICU patients’ family members. In relatives of critically ill patients, the cluster of adverse psychological reactions, such as: anxiety, acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and complicated grief, is called post-intensive care syndrome — family (PICS-F). These complications may affect the relatives’ ability to perform the role of a caregiver and it can also hinder their daily functioning. Apart from negative psychological consequences experienced after a loved one’s stay in the ICU, there are also some positive changes observed in patient’s relatives called posttraumatic growth. In this review, the psychological repercussions in the ICU patient’s family and the means to prevent their undesirable responses are discussed.

Abstract

The environment of the intensive care unit (ICU) is burdensome to a patient and the patient’s family. There is a higher risk of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders in the ICU patients’ family members. In relatives of critically ill patients, the cluster of adverse psychological reactions, such as: anxiety, acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and complicated grief, is called post-intensive care syndrome — family (PICS-F). These complications may affect the relatives’ ability to perform the role of a caregiver and it can also hinder their daily functioning. Apart from negative psychological consequences experienced after a loved one’s stay in the ICU, there are also some positive changes observed in patient’s relatives called posttraumatic growth. In this review, the psychological repercussions in the ICU patient’s family and the means to prevent their undesirable responses are discussed.

Get Citation

Keywords

intensive care unit, patient’s family, post-intensive care syndrome, family; posttraumatic stress disorder, family; posttraumatic growth, family

About this article
Title

Psychological reactions in family members of patients hospitalised in intensive care units

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 46, No 1 (2014 Jan-Mar)

Pages

42-45

DOI

10.5603/AIT.2014.0009

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2014;46(1):42-45.

Keywords

intensive care unit
patient’s family
post-intensive care syndrome
family
posttraumatic stress disorder
family
posttraumatic growth
family

Authors

Natalia Jezierska

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