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Ahead of Print
Letter to the Editor
Published online: 2021-05-07
Submitted: 2020-12-31
Accepted: 2021-02-07
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Candidate immunomodulators for COVID-19: Heat-killed Mycobacterium w and BCG vaccine

Tarun Krishna Boppana, Anant Mohan, Karan Madan, Pawan Tiwari, Vijay Hadda, Randeep Guleria, Saurabh Mittal
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.a2021.0043

open access

Ahead of Print
LETTERS
Published online: 2021-05-07
Submitted: 2020-12-31
Accepted: 2021-02-07

Abstract

NA

Abstract

NA

Get Citation

Keywords

COVID-19; Mycobacterium w; BCG; immunomodulator

About this article
Title

Candidate immunomodulators for COVID-19: Heat-killed Mycobacterium w and BCG vaccine

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Letter to the Editor

Published online

2021-05-07

DOI

10.5603/ARM.a2021.0043

Keywords

COVID-19
Mycobacterium w
BCG
immunomodulator

Authors

Tarun Krishna Boppana
Anant Mohan
Karan Madan
Pawan Tiwari
Vijay Hadda
Randeep Guleria
Saurabh Mittal

References (11)
  1. Hussain A, Yadav S, Hadda V, et al. COVID-19: a comprehensive review of a formidable foe and the road ahead. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020; 14(9): 869–879.
  2. Mohan A, Tiwari P, Bhatnagar S, et al. Clinico-demographic profile & hospital outcomes of COVID-19 patients admitted at a tertiary care centre in north India. Indian J Med Res. 2020; 152(1 & 2): 61–69.
  3. Pahuja S, Madan M, Mittal S, et al. Weather parameters and COVID-19: a correlational analysis. J Occup Environ Med. 2021; 63(1): 69–73.
  4. Horby P, Lim WS, Emberson JR, et al. Dexamethasone in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. New England Journal of Medicine. 2021; 384(8): 693–704.
  5. Mittal S, Madan K, Mohan A, et al. Diabetes in COVID-19: Steroid effect. J Med Virol. 2020 [Epub ahead of print].
  6. Tang Y, Liu J, Zhang D, et al. Cytokine storm in COVID-19: the current evidence and treatment strategies. Front Immunol. 2020; 11: 1708.
  7. Zaheer SA, Mukherjee R, Ramkumar B, et al. Combined multidrug and Mycobacterium w vaccine therapy in patients with multibacillary leprosy. J Infect Dis. 1993; 167(2): 401–410.
  8. Singh S, Chouhan K, Gupta S. Intralesional immunotherapy with killed Mycobacterium indicus pranii vaccine for the treatment of extensive cutaneous warts. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2014; 80(6): 509–514.
  9. Sehgal IS, Agarwal R, Aggarwal AN, et al. A randomized trial of Mycobacterium w in severe sepsis. J Crit Care. 2015; 30(1): 85–89.
  10. Sehgal IS, Bhalla A, Puri GD, et al. Safety of an immunomodulator w in COVID-19. Lung India. 2020; 37(3): 279–281.
  11. Madan M, Pahuja S, Mohan A, et al. TB infection and BCG vaccination: are we protected from COVID-19? Public Health. 2020; 185: 91–92.

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