open access

Ahead of Print
Case report
Published online: 2021-07-15
Submitted: 2020-12-01
Accepted: 2021-04-11
Get Citation

Bronchoscopic extraction of multiple endobronchial broncholiths in a patient with active pulmonary tuberculosis

Venkata Nagarjuna Maturu1, Raghavender Reddy Annela2, Narendra Kumar Narahari3
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.a2021.0052
·
Pubmed: 34269406
Affiliations
  1. Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India
  2. Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India
  3. Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2021-07-15
Submitted: 2020-12-01
Accepted: 2021-04-11

Abstract

Broncholithiasis is an unusual clinical condition characterized by the presence of calcified or ossified material within the airways. Multiple endobronchial broncholithiasis during active infection with tuberculosis is an extremely uncommon presentation. Bron-choscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of broncholithiasis. Currently, there are no specific guidelines for the management of broncholithiasis. Here, we present a case report where multiple broncholiths were successfully removed in a staged manner via rigid bronchoscopy.

Abstract

Broncholithiasis is an unusual clinical condition characterized by the presence of calcified or ossified material within the airways. Multiple endobronchial broncholithiasis during active infection with tuberculosis is an extremely uncommon presentation. Bron-choscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of broncholithiasis. Currently, there are no specific guidelines for the management of broncholithiasis. Here, we present a case report where multiple broncholiths were successfully removed in a staged manner via rigid bronchoscopy.

Get Citation

Keywords

broncholiths; broncholithiasis; rigid bronchoscopy; flexible bronchoscopy; lithoptysis

About this article
Title

Bronchoscopic extraction of multiple endobronchial broncholiths in a patient with active pulmonary tuberculosis

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Case report

Published online

2021-07-15

DOI

10.5603/ARM.a2021.0052

Pubmed

34269406

Keywords

broncholiths
broncholithiasis
rigid bronchoscopy
flexible bronchoscopy
lithoptysis

Authors

Venkata Nagarjuna Maturu
Raghavender Reddy Annela
Narendra Kumar Narahari

References (15)
  1. Alshabani K, Ghosh S, Arrossi AV, et al. Broncholithiasis: A review. Chest. 2019; 156(3): 445–455.
  2. Anwer M, Venkatram S. Broncholithiasis: "incidental finding during bronchoscopy"-case reports and review of the literature. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol. 2011; 18(2): 181–183.
  3. Cerfolio RJ, Bryant AS, Maniscalco L. Rigid bronchoscopy and surgical resection for broncholithiasis and calcified mediastinal lymph nodes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008; 136(1): 186–190.
  4. Campbell SN, Lala D, Rubio E. Cryotherapy: A viable tool to remove broncholiths under flexible bronchoscopy. Biomedicine (Taipei). 2016; 6(4): 24.
  5. Go T, Kobayashi H, Takata M, et al. Endoscopic management for broncholithiasis with bronchoesophageal fistula. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007; 84(6): 2093–2095.
  6. Lim SoY, Lee KJ, Jeon K, et al. Classification of broncholiths and clinical outcomes. Respirology. 2013; 18(4): 637–642.
  7. Summers SM. Broncholithiasis with post-obstructive pneumonia and empyema. J Emerg Med. 2013; 45(4): 612–614.
  8. Wiese TA. Mainstem to mainstem bronchial fistula from broncholithiasis. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol. 2012; 19(1): 78–80.
  9. Ford MAP, Mueller PS, Morgenthaler TI. Bronchoesophageal fistula due to broncholithiasis: a case series. Respir Med. 2005; 99(7): 830–835.
  10. Ozyurek BA, Bozbas SS. Broncholithiasis presenting with lithoptysis. Lung India. 2018; 35(4): 339–340.
  11. WALSH JJ. Broncholithiasis; report of a case occurring in active pulmonary tuberculosis. Dis Chest. 1954; 26(2): 235–238.
  12. Jin YX, Jiang GN, Jiang L, et al. Diagnosis and treatment evaluation of 48 cases of broncholithiasis. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016; 64(5): 450–455.
  13. Olson EJ, Utz JP, Prakash UB. Therapeutic bronchoscopy in broncholithiasis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999; 160(3): 766–770.
  14. Krishnan S, Kniese CM, Mankins M, et al. Management of broncholithiasis. J Thorac Dis. 2018; 10(Suppl 28): S3419–S3427.
  15. Aust M, Prakash U, McDougall J, et al. Bronchoscopic broncholithotripsy. Journal of Bronchology. 1994; 1(1): 37–41.

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Czasopismo Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska dostęne jest również w Ikamed - księgarnia medyczna

Wydawcą serwisu jest "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl