open access

Vol 89, No 1 (2021)
Case report
Submitted: 2020-07-06
Accepted: 2020-09-07
Published online: 2020-11-20
Get Citation

Streptomyces pneumonia in an immunocompetent adult — a rare isolate

Muniza Bai1, Mahesh Babu Vemuri1, Madhusmita Mohanty Mohapatra1, Shahana Mp1, Sujatha Sistla1, Radha Sugumaran1
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.a2020.0171
·
Pubmed: 33471359
·
Adv Respir Med 2021;89(1):68-71.
Affiliations
  1. Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Dhanvantri Nagar, Gorimedu, Puducherry, India

open access

Vol 89, No 1 (2021)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2020-07-06
Accepted: 2020-09-07
Published online: 2020-11-20

Abstract

Streptomyces belongs to the Actinomycetes group of bacteria which are gram-positive non acid-fast bacilli, widely recognised for their potential to produce antimicrobials active against bacterial, mycobacterial, parasitic and fungal infections. They commonly cause cutaneous infections following traumatic inoculation. Visceral infections are relatively rare and limited to immunocompro-mised hosts. We describe a case of Streptomyces pneumonia in a healthy immunocompetent female, who when investigated for voluntary kidney donation, resulted in the isolation of Streptomyces species from bronchial wash cultures. Streptomyces, a potential pathogen in immunocompetent hosts is frequently underdiagnosed. Once isolated, both physicians and microbiologists should pay attention to differentiate true infection from contamination.

Abstract

Streptomyces belongs to the Actinomycetes group of bacteria which are gram-positive non acid-fast bacilli, widely recognised for their potential to produce antimicrobials active against bacterial, mycobacterial, parasitic and fungal infections. They commonly cause cutaneous infections following traumatic inoculation. Visceral infections are relatively rare and limited to immunocompro-mised hosts. We describe a case of Streptomyces pneumonia in a healthy immunocompetent female, who when investigated for voluntary kidney donation, resulted in the isolation of Streptomyces species from bronchial wash cultures. Streptomyces, a potential pathogen in immunocompetent hosts is frequently underdiagnosed. Once isolated, both physicians and microbiologists should pay attention to differentiate true infection from contamination.

Get Citation

Keywords

Streptomyces; pneumonia; immunocompetent; visceral infections

About this article
Title

Streptomyces pneumonia in an immunocompetent adult — a rare isolate

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 89, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Case report

Pages

68-71

Published online

2020-11-20

DOI

10.5603/ARM.a2020.0171

Pubmed

33471359

Bibliographic record

Adv Respir Med 2021;89(1):68-71.

Keywords

Streptomyces
pneumonia
immunocompetent
visceral infections

Authors

Muniza Bai
Mahesh Babu Vemuri
Madhusmita Mohanty Mohapatra
Shahana Mp
Sujatha Sistla
Radha Sugumaran

References (10)
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  4. Ekkelenkamp MB, de Jong W, Hustinx W, et al. Streptomyces thermovulgaris bacteremia in Crohn's disease patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004; 10(10): 1883–1885.
  5. Carey J, Motyl M, Perlman DC. Catheter-related bacteremia due to Streptomyces in a patient receiving holistic infusions. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001; 7(6): 1043–1045.
  6. Mossad SB, Tomford JW, Stewart R, et al. Case report of streptomyces endocarditis of a prosthetic aortic valve. J Clin Microbiol. 1995; 33(12): 3335–3337.
  7. Kofteridis DP, Maraki S, Scoulica E, et al. Streptomyces pneumonia in an immunocompetent patient: a case report and literature review. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007; 59(4): 459–462.
  8. Kapadia M, Rolston KVI, Han XY. Invasive streptomyces infections: six cases and literature review. Am J Clin Pathol. 2007; 127(4): 619–624.
  9. Ataiekhorasgani M, Jafaripozve N, Zaerin O. Streptomyces infection in Cushing syndrome: A case report and literature review. Adv Biomed Res. 2014; 3: 26.
  10. Patel JB, Wallace RJ, Brown-Elliott BA, et al. Sequence-Based Identification of Aerobic Actinomycetes. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2004; 42(6): 2530–2540.

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