open access

Vol 86, No 6 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-12-30
Submitted: 2018-07-02
Accepted: 2018-09-10
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Early maladaptive schemas and asthma: disconnection and rejection domains may have an effect on the severity of asthma

Masoud Nazemiyeh, Akbar Sharifi, Horiyeh Shojaan, Maryam Mohammadi, Sina Abdkarimi, Morteza Gojazadeh
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.a2018.0048
·
Pubmed: 30594997
·
Adv Respir Med 2018;86(6):299-304.

open access

Vol 86, No 6 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-12-30
Submitted: 2018-07-02
Accepted: 2018-09-10

Abstract

Introduction: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) that are being shaped through the early period of development of humans have been reported to affect the functions of asthmatic patients. This study focuses on the probable relationship between the personality schemas and areas with severity of asthma.

Material and methods: Fifty asthmatic patients were entered this descriptive cross-sectional study in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences from March to August, 2016. We measured the personality schema of patients by using the Young Schema Questionnaire — Short Form (YSQ-SF; Young, 1994). On the other hand, patients’ clinical findings and severity of asthma were assessed by spirometry and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaire.

Results: Uncontrolled (ACT score < 20) and controlled (ACT score ≥ 20) asthma had significant defect in ‘Disconnection domain’ (p = 0.001). Also, significant reverse linear correlation was found between FEV1 and ‘Disconnection domain’, ‘Rejection’ schema area (r = –0.29, p = 0.03), and ‘Over vigilance domain’ (r = –0,36, p = 0.01). Whereas, significant reverse linear correlation was revealed between FEV1/FVC and Over vigilance domain (r = –0.41, p = 0.003).

Conclusion: EMSs possibly have potential effects on clinical characteristics and severity of asthma in asthmatic patients.

Abstract

Introduction: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) that are being shaped through the early period of development of humans have been reported to affect the functions of asthmatic patients. This study focuses on the probable relationship between the personality schemas and areas with severity of asthma.

Material and methods: Fifty asthmatic patients were entered this descriptive cross-sectional study in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences from March to August, 2016. We measured the personality schema of patients by using the Young Schema Questionnaire — Short Form (YSQ-SF; Young, 1994). On the other hand, patients’ clinical findings and severity of asthma were assessed by spirometry and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaire.

Results: Uncontrolled (ACT score < 20) and controlled (ACT score ≥ 20) asthma had significant defect in ‘Disconnection domain’ (p = 0.001). Also, significant reverse linear correlation was found between FEV1 and ‘Disconnection domain’, ‘Rejection’ schema area (r = –0.29, p = 0.03), and ‘Over vigilance domain’ (r = –0,36, p = 0.01). Whereas, significant reverse linear correlation was revealed between FEV1/FVC and Over vigilance domain (r = –0.41, p = 0.003).

Conclusion: EMSs possibly have potential effects on clinical characteristics and severity of asthma in asthmatic patients.

Get Citation

Keywords

asthma, personality schemas, asthma severity 2

About this article
Title

Early maladaptive schemas and asthma: disconnection and rejection domains may have an effect on the severity of asthma

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 86, No 6 (2018)

Pages

299-304

Published online

2018-12-30

DOI

10.5603/ARM.a2018.0048

Pubmed

30594997

Bibliographic record

Adv Respir Med 2018;86(6):299-304.

Keywords

asthma
personality schemas
asthma severity 2

Authors

Masoud Nazemiyeh
Akbar Sharifi
Horiyeh Shojaan
Maryam Mohammadi
Sina Abdkarimi
Morteza Gojazadeh

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