open access

Vol 85, No 4 (2017)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2017-07-31
Submitted: 2017-03-20
Accepted: 2017-07-01
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Network of breathing. Multifunctional role of the diaphragm: a review

Janusz Kocjan, Mariusz Adamek, Bożena Gzik-Zroska, Damian Czyżewski, Mateusz Rydel
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.2017.0037
·
Adv Respir Med 2017;85(4):224-232.

open access

Vol 85, No 4 (2017)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2017-07-31
Submitted: 2017-03-20
Accepted: 2017-07-01

Abstract

The diaphragm is the primary muscle involved in active inspiration and serves also as an important anatomical landmark that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavity. However, the diaphragm muscle like other structures and organs in the human body has more than one function, and displays many anatomic links throughout the body, thereby forming a ‘network of breathing’. Besides respiratory function, it is important for postural control as it stabilises the lumbar spine during loading tasks. It also plays a vital role in the vascular and lymphatic systems, as well as, is greatly involved in gastroesophageal functions such as swallowing, vomiting, and contributing to the gastroesophageal reflux barrier. In this paper we set out in detail the anatomy and embryology of the diaphragm and attempt to show it serves as both: an important exchange point of information, originating in different areas of the body, and a source of information in itself. The study also discusses all of its functions related to breathing.

Abstract

The diaphragm is the primary muscle involved in active inspiration and serves also as an important anatomical landmark that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavity. However, the diaphragm muscle like other structures and organs in the human body has more than one function, and displays many anatomic links throughout the body, thereby forming a ‘network of breathing’. Besides respiratory function, it is important for postural control as it stabilises the lumbar spine during loading tasks. It also plays a vital role in the vascular and lymphatic systems, as well as, is greatly involved in gastroesophageal functions such as swallowing, vomiting, and contributing to the gastroesophageal reflux barrier. In this paper we set out in detail the anatomy and embryology of the diaphragm and attempt to show it serves as both: an important exchange point of information, originating in different areas of the body, and a source of information in itself. The study also discusses all of its functions related to breathing.

Get Citation

Keywords

diaphragm, breathing, diaphragm function

About this article
Title

Network of breathing. Multifunctional role of the diaphragm: a review

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 85, No 4 (2017)

Pages

224-232

Published online

2017-07-31

DOI

10.5603/ARM.2017.0037

Bibliographic record

Adv Respir Med 2017;85(4):224-232.

Keywords

diaphragm
breathing
diaphragm function

Authors

Janusz Kocjan
Mariusz Adamek
Bożena Gzik-Zroska
Damian Czyżewski
Mateusz Rydel

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