open access

Vol 84, No 5 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-09-27
Accepted: 2016-09-27

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and hypothyroidism — merely concurrence or causal association?

Wojciech Kuczyński, Agata Gabryelska, Łukasz Mokros, Piotr Białasiewicz
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2016.0038
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(5):302-306.

open access

Vol 84, No 5 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-09-27
Accepted: 2016-09-27

Abstract

The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ranges from 4 to 7% in men and from 2 to 5% in women. Its deleterious consequences such as traffic accidents, cardiovascular complications increasing morbidity and mortality, make it a major health problem. Apart from obesity (a major risk factor for OSAHS), hypothyroid patients are prone to reveal this phenotype. Although hypothyroidism seems an acknowledged risk factor for OSAHS, some authors report the lack of clinically relevant association. The argument partly depends on the increased prevalence of hypothyroidism in OSAHS patients, but the epidemiological data is limited and somehow inconsistent; even less is known about sub-clinical hypothyroidism in OSAHS patients. Even if frequency of overt and sub-clinical hypothyroidism in OSAHS patients is comparable to the general population, screening for it seems beneficial, as hormone replacement therapy may improve sleep disordered breathing. Unfortunately, this favorable outcome was found only in a few studies with limited number of patients with hypothyroidism. Yet, despite the lack of international guidelines and no large multicentre studies on the topic available, we think that TSH screening might prove beneficial in vast majority of OSAHS patients.

Keywords

subclinical hypothyroidism, hypothyroidism screening, obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, thyroid, sleep

About this article
Title

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and hypothyroidism — merely concurrence or causal association?

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 84, No 5 (2016)

Pages

302-306

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2016.0038

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(5):302-306.

Keywords

subclinical hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism screening
obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome
thyroid
sleep

Authors

Wojciech Kuczyński
Agata Gabryelska
Łukasz Mokros
Piotr Białasiewicz

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