open access

Vol 84, No 6 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2016-12-07
Submitted: 2016-07-15
Accepted: 2016-11-10
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A clinic-epidemiological study of head and neck tuberculosis — a single-center experience

Anna Maria Pajor, Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, Sylwia Kwiatkowska
DOI: 10.5603/ARM.2016.0042
·
Adv Respir Med 2016;84(6):324-330.

open access

Vol 84, No 6 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2016-12-07
Submitted: 2016-07-15
Accepted: 2016-11-10

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounts for less than 6% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases in Poland, although in other countries (European in particular) this proportion is much higher. The study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological differences in patients hospitalized in one of Otolaryngology Departments in Poland during 36 years.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 71 patients were identified and divided into three groups according to the study period: I — 1978−1989 (30 patients, 42%), II — 1990−2001 (19 patients, 27%) and III — 2002−2013 (22 patients, 31% of all cases). In each case histological examination of biopsy specimens was available.

RESULTS: Larynx TB (54.9%) was most common, followed by cervical lymph nodes TB (29.6%) and auris TB (8.5%). In laryngeal TB, glottic region was most often affected (76.9%). Patients with larynx TB were mainly men (87.2%), 10 years older than women in each study period. However, in lymph nodes TB group, women constituted 66.7% of cases and were twice as old as men (64.0 vs. 34.7 yrs). Bacteriological confirmation was made in only one patient.

CONCLUSIONS: The number of patients diagnosed in our center declined in the first period of 12 years and remained stable over the last 24 years, as were the common sites of head and neck EPTB (larynx and cervical lymph nodes). In patients with head and neck TB the biopsy specimens should be examined not only histologically but also for the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounts for less than 6% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases in Poland, although in other countries (European in particular) this proportion is much higher. The study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological differences in patients hospitalized in one of Otolaryngology Departments in Poland during 36 years.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 71 patients were identified and divided into three groups according to the study period: I — 1978−1989 (30 patients, 42%), II — 1990−2001 (19 patients, 27%) and III — 2002−2013 (22 patients, 31% of all cases). In each case histological examination of biopsy specimens was available.

RESULTS: Larynx TB (54.9%) was most common, followed by cervical lymph nodes TB (29.6%) and auris TB (8.5%). In laryngeal TB, glottic region was most often affected (76.9%). Patients with larynx TB were mainly men (87.2%), 10 years older than women in each study period. However, in lymph nodes TB group, women constituted 66.7% of cases and were twice as old as men (64.0 vs. 34.7 yrs). Bacteriological confirmation was made in only one patient.

CONCLUSIONS: The number of patients diagnosed in our center declined in the first period of 12 years and remained stable over the last 24 years, as were the common sites of head and neck EPTB (larynx and cervical lymph nodes). In patients with head and neck TB the biopsy specimens should be examined not only histologically but also for the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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Keywords

extrapulmonary tuberculosis, larynx, lymph nodes, neck, auris

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About this article
Title

A clinic-epidemiological study of head and neck tuberculosis — a single-center experience

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 84, No 6 (2016)

Pages

324-330

Published online

2016-12-07

DOI

10.5603/ARM.2016.0042

Bibliographic record

Adv Respir Med 2016;84(6):324-330.

Keywords

extrapulmonary tuberculosis
larynx
lymph nodes
neck
auris

Authors

Anna Maria Pajor
Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
Sylwia Kwiatkowska

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