open access

Vol 84, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2016-05-28
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Dietary pattern and asthma in India

Mohammed Noufal Poongadan, Nitesh Gupta, Raj Kumar
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2016.0018
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(3):160-167.

open access

Vol 84, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2016-05-28

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption pattern and asthma in Indian population.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 125 asthma and corresponding age and sex matched healthy controls were recruited for the purpose of a study. A self- reported food-frequency questionnaire (NNR-Dietary Pattern in Asthma Questionnaire) comprising of 80 food and drink items, belonging to 15 groups, was developed based on routine dietary habits and ISAAC phase two and phase three questionnaires.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference of gender, height, weight, BMI and socioeconomic status between asthma and control groups (p > 0.05). The consumption of fast food, salted snacks, fried snacks; nuts and dry fruits were significantly higher in asthmatics (p < 0.05). Similarly, there was a tendency to higher consumption of fats and oil, sugar and carbonated drink in asthmatics (p > 0.05). On the contrary, consumption of cereals, milk and milk products, non-vegetarian food, fruits and fruit juice tends to be higher in healthy controls, though neither of them could reach a statistically significant (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Consumption of fast food, salted snacks, fried snacks, fats and oils nuts, dry fruits, carbonated drinks may be associated with asthma in India. Hence, it is imperative to reduce consumption and increase awareness of influence of fast food on asthma through public health policies.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption pattern and asthma in Indian population.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 125 asthma and corresponding age and sex matched healthy controls were recruited for the purpose of a study. A self- reported food-frequency questionnaire (NNR-Dietary Pattern in Asthma Questionnaire) comprising of 80 food and drink items, belonging to 15 groups, was developed based on routine dietary habits and ISAAC phase two and phase three questionnaires.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference of gender, height, weight, BMI and socioeconomic status between asthma and control groups (p > 0.05). The consumption of fast food, salted snacks, fried snacks; nuts and dry fruits were significantly higher in asthmatics (p < 0.05). Similarly, there was a tendency to higher consumption of fats and oil, sugar and carbonated drink in asthmatics (p > 0.05). On the contrary, consumption of cereals, milk and milk products, non-vegetarian food, fruits and fruit juice tends to be higher in healthy controls, though neither of them could reach a statistically significant (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Consumption of fast food, salted snacks, fried snacks, fats and oils nuts, dry fruits, carbonated drinks may be associated with asthma in India. Hence, it is imperative to reduce consumption and increase awareness of influence of fast food on asthma through public health policies.

Get Citation

Keywords

asthma, dietary patterns, India, fast food, questionnaire

About this article
Title

Dietary pattern and asthma in India

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 84, No 3 (2016)

Pages

160-167

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2016.0018

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(3):160-167.

Keywords

asthma
dietary patterns
India
fast food
questionnaire

Authors

Mohammed Noufal Poongadan
Nitesh Gupta
Raj Kumar

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