open access

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-03-23
Get Citation

Methods of airway resistance assessment

Tomasz Urbankowski, Tadeusz Przybyłowski
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2016.0014
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(2):134-141.

open access

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-03-23

Abstract

Airway resistance is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of the airflow in the airways. The most frequent methods used to measure airway resistance are whole-body plethysmography, the interrupter technique and the forced oscillation technique. All these methods allow to measure resistance during respiration at the level close to tidal volume, they do not require forced breathing manoeuvres or deep breathing during measurement. The most popular method for measuring airway resistance is whole-body plethysmography. The results of plethysmography include among others the following parameters: airway resistance (Raw), airway conductance (Gaw), specific airway resistance (sRaw) and specific airway conductance (sGaw). The interrupter technique is based on the assumption that at the moment of airway occlusion, air pressure in the mouth is equal to the alveolar pressure . In the forced oscillation technique (FOT), airway resistance is calculated basing on the changes in pressure and flow caused by air vibration. The methods for measurement of airway resistance that are described in the present paper seem to be a useful alternative to the most common lung function test — spirometry. The target group in which these methods may be widely used are particularly the patients who are unable to perform spirometry.

Abstract

Airway resistance is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of the airflow in the airways. The most frequent methods used to measure airway resistance are whole-body plethysmography, the interrupter technique and the forced oscillation technique. All these methods allow to measure resistance during respiration at the level close to tidal volume, they do not require forced breathing manoeuvres or deep breathing during measurement. The most popular method for measuring airway resistance is whole-body plethysmography. The results of plethysmography include among others the following parameters: airway resistance (Raw), airway conductance (Gaw), specific airway resistance (sRaw) and specific airway conductance (sGaw). The interrupter technique is based on the assumption that at the moment of airway occlusion, air pressure in the mouth is equal to the alveolar pressure . In the forced oscillation technique (FOT), airway resistance is calculated basing on the changes in pressure and flow caused by air vibration. The methods for measurement of airway resistance that are described in the present paper seem to be a useful alternative to the most common lung function test — spirometry. The target group in which these methods may be widely used are particularly the patients who are unable to perform spirometry.

Get Citation

Keywords

lung function tests, airway resistance, plethysmography

About this article
Title

Methods of airway resistance assessment

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)

Pages

134-141

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2016.0014

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(2):134-141.

Keywords

lung function tests
airway resistance
plethysmography

Authors

Tomasz Urbankowski
Tadeusz Przybyłowski

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Czasopismo Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska dostęne jest również w Ikamed - księgarnia medyczna

Wydawcą serwisu jest "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl