open access

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-03-23
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What factors may influence epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world?

Ewa Rowińska-Zakrzewska, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Monika Szturmowicz
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2016.0013
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(2):126-133.

open access

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2016-03-23

Abstract

The authors present the review of factors influencing epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world. The groups of increased risk of tuberculosis, and clinical conditions predisposing to activation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) such as HIV, uremia, diabetes mellitus, transplantation of organs, treatment with glucocorticosteroids and with antibodies to TNF and to its receptors, were presented. The higher prevalence and worse prognosis of tuberculosis in elderly people was emphasised. The methods of LTBI recognition, according to recent recommendations, with special consideration to patients in immunosupression, were shown. Methods of treatment to prevent LTBI activation, according to WHO experts, were also presented. All data were discussed in relation to the actual epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland.

Abstract

The authors present the review of factors influencing epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world. The groups of increased risk of tuberculosis, and clinical conditions predisposing to activation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) such as HIV, uremia, diabetes mellitus, transplantation of organs, treatment with glucocorticosteroids and with antibodies to TNF and to its receptors, were presented. The higher prevalence and worse prognosis of tuberculosis in elderly people was emphasised. The methods of LTBI recognition, according to recent recommendations, with special consideration to patients in immunosupression, were shown. Methods of treatment to prevent LTBI activation, according to WHO experts, were also presented. All data were discussed in relation to the actual epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland.

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Keywords

tuberculosis, immunology, epidemiology, risk groups, latent tuberculosis infection, diagnosis, treatment

About this article
Title

What factors may influence epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland and in the world?

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 84, No 2 (2016)

Pages

126-133

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2016.0013

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2016;84(2):126-133.

Keywords

tuberculosis
immunology
epidemiology
risk groups
latent tuberculosis infection
diagnosis
treatment

Authors

Ewa Rowińska-Zakrzewska
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć
Monika Szturmowicz

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