open access

Vol 83, No 6 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-11-10
Accepted: 2015-11-10
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Non-high risk PE in the patients with acute or exacerbated respiratory disease: the value of the algorithm based on D-dimer evaluation and Revised Geneva Score

Monika Szturmowicz, Aneta Kacprzak, Dorota Wyrostkiewicz, Katarzyna Lewandowska, Małgorzata Jędrych, Iwona Bartoszuk, Jarosław Kober, Barbara Burakowska, Inga Barańska, Grzegorz Małek, Jan Kuś
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2015.0073
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(6):445-452.

open access

Vol 83, No 6 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-11-10
Accepted: 2015-11-10

Abstract

Introduction: The diagnostic algorithm of non-high risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is based on probability scoring systems and plasma D-dimer (DD) assessment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Revised Geneva Scoring (RGS) and DD testing for the excluding of non-high risk PE, in the patients admitted to the hospital due to acute respiratory diseases.

Material and methods: The consecutive patients, above 18 years of age, referred to the department of lung diseases, entered the study. The exclusion criteria were: the pregnancy and the suspicion of high risk PE. Plasma DD was measured with quick ELISA test, VIDAS D-dimer New, bioMerieux, France. Multislice computed tomography angiography was performed in all of the patients.

Results: 153 patients, median age 65 (19−88) years entered the study. The probability of PE was: low — in 58 patients (38%), intermediate — in 90 (59%), high — in 5 (3%). DD < 500 ng/ml was found in 12% of patients with low and intermediate probability of PE. PE was recognized in 10 out of 153 patients (7%). None of the patients with DD < 500 ng/ml was diagnosed with PE (NPV 100%). Median DD value was significantly higher in PE patients comparing to non-PE (4500 ng/ml and 1356 ng/ml respectively, p = 0.006).

Conclusion: In the group of the patients with acute respiratory symptoms, low or intermediate clinical probability scoring combined with normal DD had a high NPV in excluding PE. Nevertheless, such approach was not very effective, as the increased DD was noted in 88% of the examined population.

Abstract

Introduction: The diagnostic algorithm of non-high risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is based on probability scoring systems and plasma D-dimer (DD) assessment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Revised Geneva Scoring (RGS) and DD testing for the excluding of non-high risk PE, in the patients admitted to the hospital due to acute respiratory diseases.

Material and methods: The consecutive patients, above 18 years of age, referred to the department of lung diseases, entered the study. The exclusion criteria were: the pregnancy and the suspicion of high risk PE. Plasma DD was measured with quick ELISA test, VIDAS D-dimer New, bioMerieux, France. Multislice computed tomography angiography was performed in all of the patients.

Results: 153 patients, median age 65 (19−88) years entered the study. The probability of PE was: low — in 58 patients (38%), intermediate — in 90 (59%), high — in 5 (3%). DD < 500 ng/ml was found in 12% of patients with low and intermediate probability of PE. PE was recognized in 10 out of 153 patients (7%). None of the patients with DD < 500 ng/ml was diagnosed with PE (NPV 100%). Median DD value was significantly higher in PE patients comparing to non-PE (4500 ng/ml and 1356 ng/ml respectively, p = 0.006).

Conclusion: In the group of the patients with acute respiratory symptoms, low or intermediate clinical probability scoring combined with normal DD had a high NPV in excluding PE. Nevertheless, such approach was not very effective, as the increased DD was noted in 88% of the examined population.

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Keywords

d-dimer, pulmonary embolism, probability assessment, respiratory diseases

About this article
Title

Non-high risk PE in the patients with acute or exacerbated respiratory disease: the value of the algorithm based on D-dimer evaluation and Revised Geneva Score

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 83, No 6 (2015)

Pages

445-452

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2015.0073

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(6):445-452.

Keywords

d-dimer
pulmonary embolism
probability assessment
respiratory diseases

Authors

Monika Szturmowicz
Aneta Kacprzak
Dorota Wyrostkiewicz
Katarzyna Lewandowska
Małgorzata Jędrych
Iwona Bartoszuk
Jarosław Kober
Barbara Burakowska
Inga Barańska
Grzegorz Małek
Jan Kuś

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