open access

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-09-08
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Asthma prevalence and risk factors analysis in Tricity university students’ group

Jan Romantowski, Marika Gawinowska, Paulina Cyrny, Ewa Jassem, Marta Chełmińska, Marek Niedoszytko
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2015.0058
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(5):359-364.

open access

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-09-08

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is the most prevalent chronic disease in a young and middle age population worldwide. It is also one of the main reasons for the lost working days and lost days at school. Several epidemiological surveys have evidenced an increase in the prevalence of asthma in Poland. This trend is further evident in urban areas such as Tricity (Gdańsk, Sopot, Gdynia). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of the disease as well as the risk factors affecting the university student population.

Material and methods: Two surveys were distributed electronically to students of the four major universities in Tricity. The first survey contained nine questions concerning asthma diagnoses and symptoms. The second survey, which evaluated the occurrence of identified risk factors, was sent to students who answered the first survey. Asthmatics also received an Asthma Control Test (ACT). The results were analyzed using the Statistica 10 software. Study group consisted of 1380 students: 1031 (75%) women and 349 (25%) men; the average age was 22.2.

Results: Asthma was diagnosed in 138 students (9.6%), additionally 76 students (5.5%) reported asthmatic symptoms; however, these students had no previous diagnoses. Asthma tended to occur more frequently in students living in poorly maintained houses (19%) (p = 0.06), in contrast to those living in a normal environment (10%). According to their ACTs, 81% of diagnosed patients reported that their asthma was well-controlled.

Conclusions: Asthma is becoming an important issue for Tricity students. Educational activities aimed at raising university students’ awareness regarding asthma treatment and control should be implemented.

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is the most prevalent chronic disease in a young and middle age population worldwide. It is also one of the main reasons for the lost working days and lost days at school. Several epidemiological surveys have evidenced an increase in the prevalence of asthma in Poland. This trend is further evident in urban areas such as Tricity (Gdańsk, Sopot, Gdynia). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of the disease as well as the risk factors affecting the university student population.

Material and methods: Two surveys were distributed electronically to students of the four major universities in Tricity. The first survey contained nine questions concerning asthma diagnoses and symptoms. The second survey, which evaluated the occurrence of identified risk factors, was sent to students who answered the first survey. Asthmatics also received an Asthma Control Test (ACT). The results were analyzed using the Statistica 10 software. Study group consisted of 1380 students: 1031 (75%) women and 349 (25%) men; the average age was 22.2.

Results: Asthma was diagnosed in 138 students (9.6%), additionally 76 students (5.5%) reported asthmatic symptoms; however, these students had no previous diagnoses. Asthma tended to occur more frequently in students living in poorly maintained houses (19%) (p = 0.06), in contrast to those living in a normal environment (10%). According to their ACTs, 81% of diagnosed patients reported that their asthma was well-controlled.

Conclusions: Asthma is becoming an important issue for Tricity students. Educational activities aimed at raising university students’ awareness regarding asthma treatment and control should be implemented.

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Keywords

asthma, universities, students, prevalence, risk factors

About this article
Title

Asthma prevalence and risk factors analysis in Tricity university students’ group

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)

Pages

359-364

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2015.0058

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(5):359-364.

Keywords

asthma
universities
students
prevalence
risk factors

Authors

Jan Romantowski
Marika Gawinowska
Paulina Cyrny
Ewa Jassem
Marta Chełmińska
Marek Niedoszytko

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