open access

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-09-08

Importance of education in bronchial asthma treatment — gender differences

Beata Jankowska-Polańska, Justyna Pleśniak, Mariola Seń, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Joanna Rosińczuk
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2015.0055
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(5):341-347.

open access

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-09-08

Abstract

Introduction: Despite significant progress in understanding mechanisms and effective treatment there are still therapeutic failures in patients treated for bronchial asthma. Education is vital in the therapeutic process. It improves the control of the disease at the individual level by influencing the adherence and compliance.

Material and methods: The study included 100 patients suffering from bronchial asthma and treated according to GINA 2002 guidelines in Allergy Clinic. Asthma control test (ACT), analysis of patients’ medical documentation and a self-constructed questionnaire concerning health promotion and education were used in the study. Aim of this work was to assess differences in the influence of education on results of bronchial asthma control between sexes.

Results: Average duration of asthma was similar in women and men (13.0 ± 11.16 vs.12.7 ± 9.74 years). Weaker asthma control was found in women (ACT 17.7 vs. 20.4), as well as lower FEV1 values (80−50% of predicted value in 60.3% of women vs. 43.25 of men). In women an analysis of correlation concerning patients’ knowledge and conducted health education with asthma control revealed a statistically significant positive correlation of knowledge acquired from the allergologist with asthma control, information about proceeding in acute attack, whereas negative correlation with asthma control with knowledge passed on by family doctor was found. Among the male respondents positive correlations of knowledge with asthma control within the scope of knowledge from allergologist and information concerning proceeding in asthmatic attack were found, while negative correlation with information coming from family doctor was revealed.

Conclusions: Health education in patients with asthma should be conducted by a specialist in allergic diseases and well-prepared healthcare professionals.

Keywords

asthma control test, effective treatment, quality of life

About this article
Title

Importance of education in bronchial asthma treatment — gender differences

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 83, No 5 (2015)

Pages

341-347

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2015.0055

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(5):341-347.

Keywords

asthma control test
effective treatment
quality of life

Authors

Beata Jankowska-Polańska
Justyna Pleśniak
Mariola Seń
Izabella Uchmanowicz
Joanna Rosińczuk

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