open access

Vol 83, No 4 (2015)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2015-07-09
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Self-expandable metallic stents in oesophago-respiratory fistulas treatment in neoplasms — case reports and literature review

Witold Marczyński, Marek Pająk, Teresa Komandowska, Izabella Nikiel
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2015.0050
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(4):303-306.

open access

Vol 83, No 4 (2015)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2015-07-09

Abstract

Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) insertion to the oesophagus is the method of choice in palliative treatment of malignant oesophago-respiratory fistulas (ERF). ERF evolve as a result of 0.2−5% of advanced oesopghageal or lung cancer. They also appear after radiotherapy. EFR are serious and lethal complications. SEMS insertion is an effective, safe, technically simple and minimally invasive solution. Potential complications of SEMS include thoracic pain, bleeding, perforation, stent migration, tumour overgrowth or ingrowth and food bolus impaction. The article presents three cases of patients with advanced lung cancer with EFR subjected to SEMS insertion procedure in our centre.

Abstract

Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) insertion to the oesophagus is the method of choice in palliative treatment of malignant oesophago-respiratory fistulas (ERF). ERF evolve as a result of 0.2−5% of advanced oesopghageal or lung cancer. They also appear after radiotherapy. EFR are serious and lethal complications. SEMS insertion is an effective, safe, technically simple and minimally invasive solution. Potential complications of SEMS include thoracic pain, bleeding, perforation, stent migration, tumour overgrowth or ingrowth and food bolus impaction. The article presents three cases of patients with advanced lung cancer with EFR subjected to SEMS insertion procedure in our centre.

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Keywords

oesophageal cancer, fistula, self-expandable metallic stents

About this article
Title

Self-expandable metallic stents in oesophago-respiratory fistulas treatment in neoplasms — case reports and literature review

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 83, No 4 (2015)

Pages

303-306

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2015.0050

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(4):303-306.

Keywords

oesophageal cancer
fistula
self-expandable metallic stents

Authors

Witold Marczyński
Marek Pająk
Teresa Komandowska
Izabella Nikiel

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