open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-01-08
Accepted: 2015-01-08
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Lung-heart clinical crosstalk in the course of COPD exacerbation

Szymon Skoczyński, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Aleksandra Semik-Orzech, Ewa Sozańska, Grzegorz Brożek, Władysław Pierzchała
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2015.0004
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(1):30-38.

open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2015)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2015-01-08
Accepted: 2015-01-08

Abstract

Introduction: COPD exacerbation is a life-threatening condition with acute dyspnoea caused by respiratory or circulatory distress. The significance and co-presence of lung hyperinflation, bronchial obstruction, and changes in haemodynamics in the course of COPD exacerbation treatment have not been well described yet in course of a single study. Our aim was to evaluate the influence of COPD exacerbation treatment on bronchial obstruction, pulmonary hyperinflation, and possible changes of right and left ventricle haemodynamics in relation to the patient’s clinical status.

Material and methods: A total of 40 patients (90% males), 67 ± 8 years old, with COPD were assessed pre- and post-exacerbation treatment by the following: respiratory function tests, transthoracic echocardiography, 6MWT, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and NT-proBNP serum concentrations, and MRC scale.

Results: A significant decrease in RV%TLC (%) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPmean) [mm Hg] was observed: pre -RV%TLC: 64.3 ± 9.0; post-RV%TLC 60.6 ± 11.1; p = 0.03; pre-PAPmean: 41.2 ± 11.2; post-PAPmean: 39.1 ± 12.1; p = 0.029, coupled with a significant increase of FEV1 [L]-preFEV1: 1.0 ± 0.4, post-FEV1: 1.2 ± 0.5; p < 0.001. A trend for reduced right ventricle systolic pressure (RVSP) [mm Hg]: pre-treatment: 44.5 ± 12.9; post-treatment: 36.3 ± 14.3; p = 0.068 and ET-1 [fmol/ml]: pre-treatment: 1.7 ± 2.8; post-treatment: 1.3 ± 1.9; p = 0.076, but not for NT-proBNP was noticed. Improvement of both, 6MWT [m]: pre-treatment: 294 ± 132; post-treatment: 415 ± 102; p < 0.001 and MRC [pts.]: pre-treatment: 3.3 ± 0.8; post-treatment: 1.8 ± 0.9; p < 0.001, were noticed. 6MWT correlated with RV%TLC (p < 0.05; r = –0.46; r = –0.53; respectively) and FEV1 (p < 0.05; r = 0.55; r = 0.60, respectively) on admission as well as on discharge. There was no such correlation with RVSP or PAPmean.

Conclusions: Pulmonary hyperinflation and bronchial obstruction may be reduced by effective COPD exacerbation treatment and are accompanied by clinical improvement. The mPAP reduction observed in the course of treatment was not correlated with the results of 6MWT and MRC score.

Abstract

Introduction: COPD exacerbation is a life-threatening condition with acute dyspnoea caused by respiratory or circulatory distress. The significance and co-presence of lung hyperinflation, bronchial obstruction, and changes in haemodynamics in the course of COPD exacerbation treatment have not been well described yet in course of a single study. Our aim was to evaluate the influence of COPD exacerbation treatment on bronchial obstruction, pulmonary hyperinflation, and possible changes of right and left ventricle haemodynamics in relation to the patient’s clinical status.

Material and methods: A total of 40 patients (90% males), 67 ± 8 years old, with COPD were assessed pre- and post-exacerbation treatment by the following: respiratory function tests, transthoracic echocardiography, 6MWT, endothelin-1 (ET-1) and NT-proBNP serum concentrations, and MRC scale.

Results: A significant decrease in RV%TLC (%) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPmean) [mm Hg] was observed: pre -RV%TLC: 64.3 ± 9.0; post-RV%TLC 60.6 ± 11.1; p = 0.03; pre-PAPmean: 41.2 ± 11.2; post-PAPmean: 39.1 ± 12.1; p = 0.029, coupled with a significant increase of FEV1 [L]-preFEV1: 1.0 ± 0.4, post-FEV1: 1.2 ± 0.5; p < 0.001. A trend for reduced right ventricle systolic pressure (RVSP) [mm Hg]: pre-treatment: 44.5 ± 12.9; post-treatment: 36.3 ± 14.3; p = 0.068 and ET-1 [fmol/ml]: pre-treatment: 1.7 ± 2.8; post-treatment: 1.3 ± 1.9; p = 0.076, but not for NT-proBNP was noticed. Improvement of both, 6MWT [m]: pre-treatment: 294 ± 132; post-treatment: 415 ± 102; p < 0.001 and MRC [pts.]: pre-treatment: 3.3 ± 0.8; post-treatment: 1.8 ± 0.9; p < 0.001, were noticed. 6MWT correlated with RV%TLC (p < 0.05; r = –0.46; r = –0.53; respectively) and FEV1 (p < 0.05; r = 0.55; r = 0.60, respectively) on admission as well as on discharge. There was no such correlation with RVSP or PAPmean.

Conclusions: Pulmonary hyperinflation and bronchial obstruction may be reduced by effective COPD exacerbation treatment and are accompanied by clinical improvement. The mPAP reduction observed in the course of treatment was not correlated with the results of 6MWT and MRC score.

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Keywords

COPD exacerbation, dyspnoea, pulmonary hyperinflation, pulmonary hypertension, bronchial obstruction, 6-minute walk test

About this article
Title

Lung-heart clinical crosstalk in the course of COPD exacerbation

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 83, No 1 (2015)

Pages

30-38

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2015.0004

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2015;83(1):30-38.

Keywords

COPD exacerbation
dyspnoea
pulmonary hyperinflation
pulmonary hypertension
bronchial obstruction
6-minute walk test

Authors

Szymon Skoczyński
Katarzyna Mizia-Stec
Aleksandra Semik-Orzech
Ewa Sozańska
Grzegorz Brożek
Władysław Pierzchała

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