open access

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2014-10-22
Accepted: 2014-10-22
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Severe congestive heart failure as the main symptom of eosinophilic granulomatosis and polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome)

Jolanta Załęska, Elżbieta Wiatr, Jacek Zych, Janusz Szopiński, Karina Oniszh, Jarosław Kober, Dorota Piotrowska-Kownacka, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2014.0077
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(6):582-589.

open access

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2014-10-22
Accepted: 2014-10-22

Abstract

Patients with cardiovascular symptoms are mainly diagnosed in cardiological wards. However, sometimes the other reasons for acute coronary syndrome and heart failure are found. One of such reasons is hypereosinophilia which can be recognized if number of blood eosinophils exceeds 1500/mm3. High eosinophilia is connected with production of cytotoxic eosinophilic proteins which can cause eosinophilic vasculitis or eosinophilic myocarditis. One of the better known hypereosinophilic syndromes is EGPA described by the pathomorphologists Churg and Strauss. The further research works allowed for the clinical characteristics of patients with EGPA. In the course of this disease the following three phases were recognized : prodromal-allergic, eosinophilic, vasculitic. The definitive diagnosis can be established only in the third phase, when vasculitis causes organ involvement. Besides symptoms of the respiratory tract (asthma, nasal polyps, eosinophilic lung infiltrations) also cardiovascular symptoms, gastrointestinal tract symptoms, as well as skin lesions and kidneys involvement can appear. The most dangerous for patients is involvement of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. We present a patient with asthma and eosinophilia in whom EGPA was diagnosed in the course of acute recurrent substernal chest pain, with subsequent signs of cardiac insufficiency.

Abstract

Patients with cardiovascular symptoms are mainly diagnosed in cardiological wards. However, sometimes the other reasons for acute coronary syndrome and heart failure are found. One of such reasons is hypereosinophilia which can be recognized if number of blood eosinophils exceeds 1500/mm3. High eosinophilia is connected with production of cytotoxic eosinophilic proteins which can cause eosinophilic vasculitis or eosinophilic myocarditis. One of the better known hypereosinophilic syndromes is EGPA described by the pathomorphologists Churg and Strauss. The further research works allowed for the clinical characteristics of patients with EGPA. In the course of this disease the following three phases were recognized : prodromal-allergic, eosinophilic, vasculitic. The definitive diagnosis can be established only in the third phase, when vasculitis causes organ involvement. Besides symptoms of the respiratory tract (asthma, nasal polyps, eosinophilic lung infiltrations) also cardiovascular symptoms, gastrointestinal tract symptoms, as well as skin lesions and kidneys involvement can appear. The most dangerous for patients is involvement of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. We present a patient with asthma and eosinophilia in whom EGPA was diagnosed in the course of acute recurrent substernal chest pain, with subsequent signs of cardiac insufficiency.

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Keywords

eosinophilia, lung edema, eosinophilic myocarditis, EGPA

About this article
Title

Severe congestive heart failure as the main symptom of eosinophilic granulomatosis and polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome)

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)

Pages

582-589

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2014.0077

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(6):582-589.

Keywords

eosinophilia
lung edema
eosinophilic myocarditis
EGPA

Authors

Jolanta Załęska
Elżbieta Wiatr
Jacek Zych
Janusz Szopiński
Karina Oniszh
Jarosław Kober
Dorota Piotrowska-Kownacka
Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż

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