open access

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2014-10-22
Accepted: 2014-10-22

Mycobacterial lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis — report of three cases

Dorota Wyrostkiewicz, Wojciech Skorupa, Lilia Jakubowska, Anna Zabost, Jan Kuś
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2014.0074
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(6):561-567.

open access

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2014-10-22
Accepted: 2014-10-22

Abstract

Mycobacterial lung disease is caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), also known as atypical mycobacteria. NTM are widely distributed in the environment, particularly in soil and water. Although generally of low pathogenicity to humans, NTM can affect patients with underlying chronic lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, pneumoconiosis, or healed tuberculosis. Some patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have disease progression due to NTM, others can have NTM cultured intermittently from respiratory specimens without a significant decline in lung function. Identifying which patients will worsen from NTM and therefore need treatment remains difficult because of the similarity of symptoms in CF and NTM lung disease. The most common species of NTM isolated in CF patients are Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and Mycobacterium abscessus. In this paper, we present three different cases of mycobacterial lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Keywords

cystic fi brosis, nontuberculous mycobacteria, mycobacterial lung disease

About this article
Title

Mycobacterial lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis — report of three cases

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 82, No 6 (2014)

Pages

561-567

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2014.0074

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(6):561-567.

Keywords

cystic fi brosis
nontuberculous mycobacteria
mycobacterial lung disease

Authors

Dorota Wyrostkiewicz
Wojciech Skorupa
Lilia Jakubowska
Anna Zabost
Jan Kuś

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