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Vol 82, No 2 (2014)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2014-02-25
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Health-promoting activities performed by nurses for patients with COPD

Beata Dobrowolska, Halina Mazurek, Barbara Ślusarska, Danuta Zarzycka, Marianna Charzyńska-Gula, Tomasz Cuber
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2014.0018
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(2):125-132.

open access

Vol 82, No 2 (2014)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2014-02-25

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth most common cause of death in the world. The significance of health promotion is usually emphasised among the activities which nurses should undertake in relation to patients suffering from COPD. The aim of the study was to analyse the frequency and types of health promotion activities undertaken by nurses in relation to patients suffering from COPD.

Material and methods: The diagnostic survey with the use of a questionnaire constructed by the authors was applied in the study. Data collected in 2008 among 132 nurses (100%) working in outpatient and hospital healthcare sectors in Poland were quantitatively analysed.

Results: Nurses working in hospitals more frequently took part in diagnosing COPD (62.30%) than those working in outpatient establishments did (33.40%). Anti-smoking counselling was performed by 69% of respondents. Nurses very rarely used professional tools for the measurement of the level of nicotine addiction (6%) or the level of motivation to fight the addiction (4%). Activities in terms of health education carried out on a patient with COPD were declared by 66.67% of primary care nurses, and by 76.81% from hospitals. The nurses surveyed did not perform any monitoring of their recommendations and did not assess their effectiveness. Participation in interdisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programmes was declared by 9.53% of outpatient sector nurses and by 40.58% of nurses from hospitals.

Conclusions: Nurses’ activities in relation to patients suffering from COPD have a mainly educational nature, but unfortunately they are casual, occasional and unplanned. Planned and formal inclusion of nurses in the process of realisation of health promotion programs for patients with COPD is recommended, i.e. by planning funds for the tasks which can be performed by them. More attention should be payed to professional training of nurses for realisation of the process of health education, especially anti-smoking intervention.

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth most common cause of death in the world. The significance of health promotion is usually emphasised among the activities which nurses should undertake in relation to patients suffering from COPD. The aim of the study was to analyse the frequency and types of health promotion activities undertaken by nurses in relation to patients suffering from COPD.

Material and methods: The diagnostic survey with the use of a questionnaire constructed by the authors was applied in the study. Data collected in 2008 among 132 nurses (100%) working in outpatient and hospital healthcare sectors in Poland were quantitatively analysed.

Results: Nurses working in hospitals more frequently took part in diagnosing COPD (62.30%) than those working in outpatient establishments did (33.40%). Anti-smoking counselling was performed by 69% of respondents. Nurses very rarely used professional tools for the measurement of the level of nicotine addiction (6%) or the level of motivation to fight the addiction (4%). Activities in terms of health education carried out on a patient with COPD were declared by 66.67% of primary care nurses, and by 76.81% from hospitals. The nurses surveyed did not perform any monitoring of their recommendations and did not assess their effectiveness. Participation in interdisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programmes was declared by 9.53% of outpatient sector nurses and by 40.58% of nurses from hospitals.

Conclusions: Nurses’ activities in relation to patients suffering from COPD have a mainly educational nature, but unfortunately they are casual, occasional and unplanned. Planned and formal inclusion of nurses in the process of realisation of health promotion programs for patients with COPD is recommended, i.e. by planning funds for the tasks which can be performed by them. More attention should be payed to professional training of nurses for realisation of the process of health education, especially anti-smoking intervention.

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Keywords

COPD, nurses, health promotion, health education, cigarette smoking

About this article
Title

Health-promoting activities performed by nurses for patients with COPD

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 82, No 2 (2014)

Pages

125-132

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2014.0018

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(2):125-132.

Keywords

COPD
nurses
health promotion
health education
cigarette smoking

Authors

Beata Dobrowolska
Halina Mazurek
Barbara Ślusarska
Danuta Zarzycka
Marianna Charzyńska-Gula
Tomasz Cuber

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