open access

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)
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Submitted: 2013-12-20
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Physiotherapy in patients after lung parenchyma resection

Damian Wnuk, Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon, Joanna Żuralska-Wnuk, Piotr Chwirot, Marek Barna
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2014.0008
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(1):46-54.

open access

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2013-12-20

Abstract

Lung parenchyma resection is the treatment of choice for early-stage lung cancer. The surgery involves the loss of respiratory surface and consequently leads to reduction in exercise capacity. Proper rehabilitation is essential for restoring the function and good performance of the respiratory system. Rehabilitation should be an integral part of surgical treatment. It should be implemented early and maintained until full restoration of function and fitness. The paper discusses the physiotherapeutic procedure in patients after lung parenchyma resection. Under current guidelines, the recommended physiotherapeutic approach has been described as a multi-stage process. A preoperative exercise program can prepare the patient better for surgery and reduce the risk of some postoperative complications. Since there is a tendency to shorten the hospital stay, guidelines in preparation for surgery have been developed in the form of leaflets given to patients. In specifically described perioperative treatment we can see the physiotherapeutic procedures that the patient, after lung parenchyma resection, may undergo. Physiotherapy protocol was documented using a proposed patient’s card that described the basic treatment and included additional space for comments, in case of complications etc. Post-hospital rehabilitation, described in accordance with current guidelines, complements the treatment after surgery as a whole. To achieve the goals of rehabilitation a team of closely cooperating specialists must emerge. It should include physicians, physiotherapists, nurses, psychologists and occupational therapists. Family support plays a significant role as well. Proper education for patients and informing them about the purposefulness of the treatment are very significant factors. Further analysis allowed the creation of an algorithm for physiotherapeutic care in patients without complications after lung cancer surgery.

Abstract

Lung parenchyma resection is the treatment of choice for early-stage lung cancer. The surgery involves the loss of respiratory surface and consequently leads to reduction in exercise capacity. Proper rehabilitation is essential for restoring the function and good performance of the respiratory system. Rehabilitation should be an integral part of surgical treatment. It should be implemented early and maintained until full restoration of function and fitness. The paper discusses the physiotherapeutic procedure in patients after lung parenchyma resection. Under current guidelines, the recommended physiotherapeutic approach has been described as a multi-stage process. A preoperative exercise program can prepare the patient better for surgery and reduce the risk of some postoperative complications. Since there is a tendency to shorten the hospital stay, guidelines in preparation for surgery have been developed in the form of leaflets given to patients. In specifically described perioperative treatment we can see the physiotherapeutic procedures that the patient, after lung parenchyma resection, may undergo. Physiotherapy protocol was documented using a proposed patient’s card that described the basic treatment and included additional space for comments, in case of complications etc. Post-hospital rehabilitation, described in accordance with current guidelines, complements the treatment after surgery as a whole. To achieve the goals of rehabilitation a team of closely cooperating specialists must emerge. It should include physicians, physiotherapists, nurses, psychologists and occupational therapists. Family support plays a significant role as well. Proper education for patients and informing them about the purposefulness of the treatment are very significant factors. Further analysis allowed the creation of an algorithm for physiotherapeutic care in patients without complications after lung cancer surgery.

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Keywords

lung parenchyma resection, physical fitness, physical therapy and rehabilitation process

About this article
Title

Physiotherapy in patients after lung parenchyma resection

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)

Pages

46-54

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2014.0008

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(1):46-54.

Keywords

lung parenchyma resection
physical fitness
physical therapy and rehabilitation process

Authors

Damian Wnuk
Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon
Joanna Żuralska-Wnuk
Piotr Chwirot
Marek Barna

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