open access

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2013-12-20
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The influence of selected factors on the attendance of the high-risk population in the early lung cancer detection program

Agata Zakrzewska, Magdalena Szczepanowska, Janina Książek, Iwona Biadacz, Robert Dziedzic, Małgorzata Jelitto-Górska, Witold Rzyman
DOI: 10.5603/PiAP.2014.0005
·
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(1):25-31.

open access

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2013-12-20

Abstract

Introduction: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide, killing almost 22,000 people in Poland every year. Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) is the most promising tool of secondary prophylaxis leading to early detection and thus successful treatment of this malignancy. Knowledge about socio-demographic factors that affect participation in lung cancer early detection programs is essential for the future design and implementation of such programs.

Material and methods: Among the 8649 participants of the Pomeranian Lung Cancer Screening Program (PLCSP), 1619 individuals responded to a questionnaire that had been designed to assess socio-demographic data of participants at high risk of developing lung cancer. The survey was conducted on-site after reception of results by the program participants.

Results: Among the survey participants, 777 (48%) were current cigarette smokers. The majority of them represented low or medium level of wealth status. The respondents positively evaluated the promotional campaign during the PLCSP, although 43% of them indicated family and friends as a source of information about the program. As the most important action that stimulated the participation, 46% of the respondents indicated the awareness campaign involving a celebrity, and 45% of them indicated the presence of cancer in the family. The influence of healthcare employees on the participation in the screening program was minimal. More than half of the respondents (53%) declared a willingness to co-finance a similar prophylactic program in the future in an amount not exceeding 100 PLN.

Conclusions: An effective promotional campaign in the media, the influence of family and a campaign involving a celebrity promoted attendance at the screening program. The influence of healthcare employees on the participation in the program was minimal. The majority of the screened population declared a willingness to actively participate in the costs of LDCT examination.

Abstract

Introduction: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide, killing almost 22,000 people in Poland every year. Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) is the most promising tool of secondary prophylaxis leading to early detection and thus successful treatment of this malignancy. Knowledge about socio-demographic factors that affect participation in lung cancer early detection programs is essential for the future design and implementation of such programs.

Material and methods: Among the 8649 participants of the Pomeranian Lung Cancer Screening Program (PLCSP), 1619 individuals responded to a questionnaire that had been designed to assess socio-demographic data of participants at high risk of developing lung cancer. The survey was conducted on-site after reception of results by the program participants.

Results: Among the survey participants, 777 (48%) were current cigarette smokers. The majority of them represented low or medium level of wealth status. The respondents positively evaluated the promotional campaign during the PLCSP, although 43% of them indicated family and friends as a source of information about the program. As the most important action that stimulated the participation, 46% of the respondents indicated the awareness campaign involving a celebrity, and 45% of them indicated the presence of cancer in the family. The influence of healthcare employees on the participation in the screening program was minimal. More than half of the respondents (53%) declared a willingness to co-finance a similar prophylactic program in the future in an amount not exceeding 100 PLN.

Conclusions: An effective promotional campaign in the media, the influence of family and a campaign involving a celebrity promoted attendance at the screening program. The influence of healthcare employees on the participation in the program was minimal. The majority of the screened population declared a willingness to actively participate in the costs of LDCT examination.

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Keywords

lung cancer, early detection, screening, low-dose computed tomography

About this article
Title

The influence of selected factors on the attendance of the high-risk population in the early lung cancer detection program

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 82, No 1 (2014)

Pages

25-31

DOI

10.5603/PiAP.2014.0005

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2014;82(1):25-31.

Keywords

lung cancer
early detection
screening
low-dose computed tomography

Authors

Agata Zakrzewska
Magdalena Szczepanowska
Janina Książek
Iwona Biadacz
Robert Dziedzic
Małgorzata Jelitto-Górska
Witold Rzyman

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