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Vol 81, No 6 (2013)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2013-10-21
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Efficacy and safety of a 12-week therapy with a new formulation of fluticasone propionate at doses of 125 and 250 μg administered through a new generation cyclohaler twice daily, in comparison to fluticasone propionate 500 μg dry powder inhaler twice dail

Izabela Kupryś-Lipińska, Damian Tworek, Francis Vanderbist, Małgorzata Bocheńska-Marciniak, Piotr Kuna
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(6):527-536.

open access

Vol 81, No 6 (2013)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2013-10-21

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Inhaled fluticasone is used in the treatment of chronic bronchial asthma. Its high efficacy and good safety profile have been proven by clinical trials and observations. Its unique pharmacokinetic properties make it distinguishable from other drugs from this group. In vitro tests run on an artificial model of the airways and pharmacokinetic studies conducted on healthy volunteers have shown that the new formulation of this drug is outstanding due a twofold better lung deposition, compared to the reference medicine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the new formulation of fluticasone propionate administered through new generation cyclohaler (CNG), compared to original fluticasone administered through dry powder inhaler (DPI) in patients with chronic moderate asthma.

MATERIAL END METHODS: The study included 457 patients. 376 subjects were randomized to one out of the three groups: 127 subjects — to the group treated with the new formulation of fluticasone at a dose of 125 μg BID, 125 subjects — to the group treated with new formulation of fluticasone at a dose of 250 μg BID, and 124 subjects — to the group treated with the reference drug — fluticasone DPI 500 μg BID. At the beginning of the study, the groups did not differ in demographical or clinical aspects. Active therapy lasted 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was a mean change in morning PEF during a 12-week course of therapy (ΔmPEF of 15 L/min was considered as statistically significant). Additionally, other functional parameters of the respiratory system — clinical symptoms and the use of rescue drugs were studied. During the whole study the safety of patients was monitored by recording adverse events; in addition, a systemic exposure to fluticasone was evaluated by testing the changes of cortisol in serum and in a 24-hour collection of urine in a subgroup consisting of 45 patients. Statistical analysis was conducted on both groups: intention-to-treat (ITT) and per protocol (PP).

RESULTS: In PP as well as in ITT analysis, a mean change in morning PEF at the end of the therapy in comparison with the initial period was statistically significant in all therapeutic groups. The efficacy of the treatment with fluticasone at doses of 125 μg BID and 250 μg and the reference medicines did not differ statistically significantly after a 12-week course of therapy or during the whole period of treatment. During the study, significant improvement in the range of other functional parameters such as evening PEF, FEV1, clinical symptoms and the use of rescue drugs was observed in all therapeutic groups, without significant differences in efficacy between the study groups. The comparison of efficacy of fluticasone at a dose of 125 μg BID with the generic product at a dose of 250 μg BID showed a weak dose-response relationship concerning the change in morning PEF, which arises from the almost flat dose-response curve in the range of medium and high doses for this drug. No significant quantitative or qualitative differences were shown between the groups in the recorded adverse events, qualified as related to treatment with fluticasone. There were no significant changes revealed in cortisol concentration in serum or in a 24-hour collection of urine between the initial level and the final visit in any of the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Fluticasone administered through the new generation cyclohaler, compared to original fluticasone DPI, allows a twofold reduction in drug dose, retaining in new formulation clinical efficacy that corresponds to the reference drug at twice the dose. New formulation of fluticasone administered through the new generation cyclohaler has a safety profile clinically comparable to the reference drug.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Inhaled fluticasone is used in the treatment of chronic bronchial asthma. Its high efficacy and good safety profile have been proven by clinical trials and observations. Its unique pharmacokinetic properties make it distinguishable from other drugs from this group. In vitro tests run on an artificial model of the airways and pharmacokinetic studies conducted on healthy volunteers have shown that the new formulation of this drug is outstanding due a twofold better lung deposition, compared to the reference medicine. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the new formulation of fluticasone propionate administered through new generation cyclohaler (CNG), compared to original fluticasone administered through dry powder inhaler (DPI) in patients with chronic moderate asthma.

MATERIAL END METHODS: The study included 457 patients. 376 subjects were randomized to one out of the three groups: 127 subjects — to the group treated with the new formulation of fluticasone at a dose of 125 μg BID, 125 subjects — to the group treated with new formulation of fluticasone at a dose of 250 μg BID, and 124 subjects — to the group treated with the reference drug — fluticasone DPI 500 μg BID. At the beginning of the study, the groups did not differ in demographical or clinical aspects. Active therapy lasted 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was a mean change in morning PEF during a 12-week course of therapy (ΔmPEF of 15 L/min was considered as statistically significant). Additionally, other functional parameters of the respiratory system — clinical symptoms and the use of rescue drugs were studied. During the whole study the safety of patients was monitored by recording adverse events; in addition, a systemic exposure to fluticasone was evaluated by testing the changes of cortisol in serum and in a 24-hour collection of urine in a subgroup consisting of 45 patients. Statistical analysis was conducted on both groups: intention-to-treat (ITT) and per protocol (PP).

RESULTS: In PP as well as in ITT analysis, a mean change in morning PEF at the end of the therapy in comparison with the initial period was statistically significant in all therapeutic groups. The efficacy of the treatment with fluticasone at doses of 125 μg BID and 250 μg and the reference medicines did not differ statistically significantly after a 12-week course of therapy or during the whole period of treatment. During the study, significant improvement in the range of other functional parameters such as evening PEF, FEV1, clinical symptoms and the use of rescue drugs was observed in all therapeutic groups, without significant differences in efficacy between the study groups. The comparison of efficacy of fluticasone at a dose of 125 μg BID with the generic product at a dose of 250 μg BID showed a weak dose-response relationship concerning the change in morning PEF, which arises from the almost flat dose-response curve in the range of medium and high doses for this drug. No significant quantitative or qualitative differences were shown between the groups in the recorded adverse events, qualified as related to treatment with fluticasone. There were no significant changes revealed in cortisol concentration in serum or in a 24-hour collection of urine between the initial level and the final visit in any of the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Fluticasone administered through the new generation cyclohaler, compared to original fluticasone DPI, allows a twofold reduction in drug dose, retaining in new formulation clinical efficacy that corresponds to the reference drug at twice the dose. New formulation of fluticasone administered through the new generation cyclohaler has a safety profile clinically comparable to the reference drug.

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Keywords

bronchial asthma, fluticasone, new generation cyclohaler, non-inferiority study

About this article
Title

Efficacy and safety of a 12-week therapy with a new formulation of fluticasone propionate at doses of 125 and 250 μg administered through a new generation cyclohaler twice daily, in comparison to fluticasone propionate 500 μg dry powder inhaler twice dail

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 81, No 6 (2013)

Pages

527-536

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(6):527-536.

Keywords

bronchial asthma
fluticasone
new generation cyclohaler
non-inferiority study

Authors

Izabela Kupryś-Lipińska
Damian Tworek
Francis Vanderbist
Małgorzata Bocheńska-Marciniak
Piotr Kuna

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