open access

Vol 81, No 4 (2013)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2013-06-07
Accepted: 2013-06-07

Non-invasive ventilation in treatment of adults with chronic respiratory failure

Szymon Skoczyński, Maciej Tażbirek, Władysław Pierzchała
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(4):380-389.

open access

Vol 81, No 4 (2013)
REVIEWS
Submitted: 2013-06-07
Accepted: 2013-06-07

Abstract

Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is a modern method of chronic respiratory failure (CRF) treatment. With the development of medicine and society known as “western”, the number of elderly people, in whom there is overlapping of chronic diseases such as COPD, is growing. In adult population NIV is used in the treatment of neuromuscular diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or spinal muscular atrophy. The other main indications include restrictive diseases such as kyphoscoliosis, pulmonary diseases with COPD which is the primary indication, and various forms of central apnea syndrome with epidemiologically essential role of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). In each of those indications, and in different patients, the mode and ventilation intensity may significantly differ. The aim of this review is to disseminate knowledge on the potential role of NIV in adults with CRF. This paper attempts to analyze the available knowledge concerning NIV in adults with CRF. Special attention is paid to the potential pathomechanisms which should become the subject of future research.

Keywords

non-invasive ventilation, chronic respiratory failure, adults

About this article
Title

Non-invasive ventilation in treatment of adults with chronic respiratory failure

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 81, No 4 (2013)

Pages

380-389

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(4):380-389.

Keywords

non-invasive ventilation
chronic respiratory failure
adults

Authors

Szymon Skoczyński
Maciej Tażbirek
Władysław Pierzchała

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