open access

Vol 72, No 3-4 (2004)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2008-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Marta Chełmińska

Marta Chełmińska
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2004;72(3-4):143-149.

open access

Vol 72, No 3-4 (2004)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2008-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

Natural rubber latex (NRL), is a resin sap produced in the cells of caoutchouc plants. It is a water dispersion of cis-1.4-polisopren (caoutchouc) - 35%, stabilized with little amounts of proteins, sugar, alcohol, fatty acids and salts. The concentration of all solid substances is about 40%, the rest is water. Immunogenicity of latex depends on the proteins it contains.
For many years we read in medical papers about the cases of contact urticaria, asthma, rhinitis, and anaphylaxis after contacting with latex products. It turns out that medical staff is the group of high occupational risk, because of exposition to gloves and other latex products. It is connected with the fact of high gloves usage caused by the danger of virus infections: HIV, HBV, HCV. Latex allergy is one of the reasons of dramatic complications after surgery operations.
People who are allergic to latex may have cross reactions to allergens not connected with occupational environment. These are: food and houseplants (Ficus benjamina). The frequency of latex allergy is about 0.1% of the population. In the groups of high risk the frequency rises sharply. It is 17% among medical staff and it reaches 60% among children with spina bifida.

Abstract

Natural rubber latex (NRL), is a resin sap produced in the cells of caoutchouc plants. It is a water dispersion of cis-1.4-polisopren (caoutchouc) - 35%, stabilized with little amounts of proteins, sugar, alcohol, fatty acids and salts. The concentration of all solid substances is about 40%, the rest is water. Immunogenicity of latex depends on the proteins it contains.
For many years we read in medical papers about the cases of contact urticaria, asthma, rhinitis, and anaphylaxis after contacting with latex products. It turns out that medical staff is the group of high occupational risk, because of exposition to gloves and other latex products. It is connected with the fact of high gloves usage caused by the danger of virus infections: HIV, HBV, HCV. Latex allergy is one of the reasons of dramatic complications after surgery operations.
People who are allergic to latex may have cross reactions to allergens not connected with occupational environment. These are: food and houseplants (Ficus benjamina). The frequency of latex allergy is about 0.1% of the population. In the groups of high risk the frequency rises sharply. It is 17% among medical staff and it reaches 60% among children with spina bifida.
Get Citation

Keywords

latex allergy; cross reactions

About this article
Title

Marta Chełmińska

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 72, No 3-4 (2004)

Pages

143-149

Published online

2008-02-18

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2004;72(3-4):143-149.

Keywords

latex allergy
cross reactions

Authors

Marta Chełmińska

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