open access

Vol 76, No 2 (2008)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-04-28
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Is body mass index associated with asthma in children?

Anna Szroniak, Izabela Łabędzka, Anna Bręborowicz, Marek Niedziela
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2008;76(2):88-95.

open access

Vol 76, No 2 (2008)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-04-28
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is a disease with a complex pathogenesis. Obesity seems to be crucial risk factor for the development and worse clinical outcome of the disease. The aim of the study was to assess the relation between the body weight and the severity of asthma and preliminary analysis of factors influencing nutritional status among asthmatic children.
Material and methods: Complete data have been available for 101 children with mild persistent, moderate persistent and severe persistent asthma. The questionnaires have been completed according to the physical and spirometric examination, analysis of medical documentation and anamnesis. Weight and height were measured in all children. To estimate the body mass index (BMI) values we used Body Mass Index Percentile Charts for Age. The control group consisted of 45 healthy school children.
Results: Mean BMI percentile for age in asthmatic children did not significantly differ from healthy children (53.4 ± 32.3 and 59.5 ± 30.5 respectively). Higher BMI percentiles for the age were observed among boys in comparison to girls (p =0.018). We did not find statistically significant relation between values of BMI percentiles and severity of asthma, although higher BMI values in boys with severe persistent asthma were noticed. Body mass index percentiles did not correlate with time of treatment and the doses of inhaled corticosteroids. Food allergy and atopic dermatitis in the past influenced BMI values.
Conclusions: Mean BMI percentile for age in asthmatic children did not significantly differ from healthy children. The correlation between BMI values and severity of asthma and treatment with inhaled corticosteroids were not found.

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is a disease with a complex pathogenesis. Obesity seems to be crucial risk factor for the development and worse clinical outcome of the disease. The aim of the study was to assess the relation between the body weight and the severity of asthma and preliminary analysis of factors influencing nutritional status among asthmatic children.
Material and methods: Complete data have been available for 101 children with mild persistent, moderate persistent and severe persistent asthma. The questionnaires have been completed according to the physical and spirometric examination, analysis of medical documentation and anamnesis. Weight and height were measured in all children. To estimate the body mass index (BMI) values we used Body Mass Index Percentile Charts for Age. The control group consisted of 45 healthy school children.
Results: Mean BMI percentile for age in asthmatic children did not significantly differ from healthy children (53.4 ± 32.3 and 59.5 ± 30.5 respectively). Higher BMI percentiles for the age were observed among boys in comparison to girls (p =0.018). We did not find statistically significant relation between values of BMI percentiles and severity of asthma, although higher BMI values in boys with severe persistent asthma were noticed. Body mass index percentiles did not correlate with time of treatment and the doses of inhaled corticosteroids. Food allergy and atopic dermatitis in the past influenced BMI values.
Conclusions: Mean BMI percentile for age in asthmatic children did not significantly differ from healthy children. The correlation between BMI values and severity of asthma and treatment with inhaled corticosteroids were not found.
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Keywords

asthma; weight; body mass index

About this article
Title

Is body mass index associated with asthma in children?

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 76, No 2 (2008)

Pages

88-95

Published online

2008-04-28

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2008;76(2):88-95.

Keywords

asthma
weight
body mass index

Authors

Anna Szroniak
Izabela Łabędzka
Anna Bręborowicz
Marek Niedziela

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