open access

Vol 77, No 1 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-12-19
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Style of coping with stress and emotional functioning in patients with asthma

Katarzyna Lewandowska, Krzysztof Specjalski, Ewa Jassem, Jan Marek Słomiński
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2009;77(1):31-36.

open access

Vol 77, No 1 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-12-19
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract


Introduction: The evaluation of styles of coping with stress resulting from a somatic disease was always considered controversial, since the stress is a consequence of the complexity of the disease as a stressful event and is linked with every field of human life and activity. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various styles of coping with stress - task-oriented, emotion-oriented, or avoidance-oriented - used by patients with asthma to cope with their disease and its consequences.
Material and methods: 100 patients with asthma were examined including 15 with mild asthma, 40 with moderate asthma, and 45 with severe asthma. The first group consisted of patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and the second group of patients with severe asthma. The subjects were mainly females (69% women, 31% men) aged from 19 to 75 years, with at least primary level of education. The following questionnaires were used: Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), UWIST Mood Adjective Check List (UMACL), and Asthma Control Test (ACT).
Results: Task-oriented style had a positive influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in patients with moderate asthma. Avoidance-oriented style had a positive influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in patients with severe asthma. Emotion-oriented style proved ineffective and had a negative influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in all patients.
Conclusions: Coping style plays a key role in the emotional functioning of asthmatics. Moreover, incorporation of an individual style of coping with stress in the therapeutic process is necessary.

Abstract


Introduction: The evaluation of styles of coping with stress resulting from a somatic disease was always considered controversial, since the stress is a consequence of the complexity of the disease as a stressful event and is linked with every field of human life and activity. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various styles of coping with stress - task-oriented, emotion-oriented, or avoidance-oriented - used by patients with asthma to cope with their disease and its consequences.
Material and methods: 100 patients with asthma were examined including 15 with mild asthma, 40 with moderate asthma, and 45 with severe asthma. The first group consisted of patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and the second group of patients with severe asthma. The subjects were mainly females (69% women, 31% men) aged from 19 to 75 years, with at least primary level of education. The following questionnaires were used: Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), UWIST Mood Adjective Check List (UMACL), and Asthma Control Test (ACT).
Results: Task-oriented style had a positive influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in patients with moderate asthma. Avoidance-oriented style had a positive influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in patients with severe asthma. Emotion-oriented style proved ineffective and had a negative influence on emotions (p < 0.05) in all patients.
Conclusions: Coping style plays a key role in the emotional functioning of asthmatics. Moreover, incorporation of an individual style of coping with stress in the therapeutic process is necessary.
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Keywords

asthma; style of coping with stress

About this article
Title

Style of coping with stress and emotional functioning in patients with asthma

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 77, No 1 (2009)

Pages

31-36

Published online

2008-12-19

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2009;77(1):31-36.

Keywords

asthma
style of coping with stress

Authors

Katarzyna Lewandowska
Krzysztof Specjalski
Ewa Jassem
Jan Marek Słomiński

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