open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2009-04-23
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Relationship between age and cardiovascular complications in obstructive sleep apnoea

Robert Pływaczewski, Monika Czystowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Przemysław Bieleń, Luiza Jonczak, Dorota Górecka, Paweł Śliwiński
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2009;77(3):235-241.

open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2009-04-23
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess relations between cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and age in OSA subjects.
Material and methods: 10, Epworth score > 9 points) were evaluated. The chest X-ray, spirometry, arterial blood gases, ECG, blood morphology and biochemistry were performed during trial treatment with autoCPAP. Results: We studied 533 consecutive OSA patients, mean age 55.6 ± 10.3 years (range 24-81), with obesity (BMI 34.4 ± 6.6 kg/m2) and severe OSA (AHI/RDI 37.8 ± 21.8). To evaluate relations between CVD and age, patients were divided into three groups. Group 1 < 50 years (123 subjects, 23.1%), Group 2 aged 50-60 years (250 subjects, 46.9%) and Group 3 > 60 years (160 subjects, 30%). Subjects < 50 years were more obese and had higher AHI/RDI when compared to older groups. Incidence of arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, heart failure and stroke increased with age (higher in subjects > 60 years).
Conclusions: Cardiovascular diseases were prevalent in OSA patients > 60 years. However the youngest group presented with more severe obesity and higher AHI/RDI.

Abstract


Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess relations between cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and age in OSA subjects.
Material and methods: 10, Epworth score > 9 points) were evaluated. The chest X-ray, spirometry, arterial blood gases, ECG, blood morphology and biochemistry were performed during trial treatment with autoCPAP. Results: We studied 533 consecutive OSA patients, mean age 55.6 ± 10.3 years (range 24-81), with obesity (BMI 34.4 ± 6.6 kg/m2) and severe OSA (AHI/RDI 37.8 ± 21.8). To evaluate relations between CVD and age, patients were divided into three groups. Group 1 < 50 years (123 subjects, 23.1%), Group 2 aged 50-60 years (250 subjects, 46.9%) and Group 3 > 60 years (160 subjects, 30%). Subjects < 50 years were more obese and had higher AHI/RDI when compared to older groups. Incidence of arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, heart failure and stroke increased with age (higher in subjects > 60 years).
Conclusions: Cardiovascular diseases were prevalent in OSA patients > 60 years. However the youngest group presented with more severe obesity and higher AHI/RDI.
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Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea; cardiovascular complications; age

About this article
Title

Relationship between age and cardiovascular complications in obstructive sleep apnoea

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 77, No 3 (2009)

Pages

235-241

Published online

2009-04-23

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2009;77(3):235-241.

Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea
cardiovascular complications
age

Authors

Robert Pływaczewski
Monika Czystowska
Agnieszka Skoczylas
Przemysław Bieleń
Luiza Jonczak
Dorota Górecka
Paweł Śliwiński

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