open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2011)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2010-12-28
Submitted: 2013-02-22
Get Citation

The prevalence of smoking among the population in the city of Mashhad (north east of Iran) and pulmonary function tests among smokers

Mohammad Hossein Boskabady, Mahbobeh Mahmoudinia, Mohammad Javad Eslamizade, Morteza Boskabady, Mohammad Taghai Shakeri, Gholam Reza Heydari
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2011;79(1):21-25.

open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2011)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2010-12-28
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract


Introduction: Smoking is known as a major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study the prevalence of smoking in the population of Mashhad city was evaluated as well as pulmonary function tests (PFTs) of smokers.
Material and methods: The prevalence of smoking was studied using a standard questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximal expiratory flow at 75%, 50%, and 25% of the FVC (MEF75,50,25), were measured in all smokers.
Results: In total, 1435 individuals were interviewed including 999 males and 436 females. The number of smokers among the interviewed individuals was 183 (12.7%) including 172 male (17.2%) and 11 female (2.5%). The results showed that all values of PFTs in smokers were reduced. There were significant negative correlations between smoking duration and rate as pack/year and values of PFT (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: In this study the prevalence of smoking in the population of Mashhad city was shown for the first time. The effect of smoking on PFTs showed that smoking leads to constriction of large and medium airways, which is due to duration and rate of smoking.
Pneumonol. Alergol. Pol. 2011; 79, 1: 21-25

Abstract


Introduction: Smoking is known as a major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study the prevalence of smoking in the population of Mashhad city was evaluated as well as pulmonary function tests (PFTs) of smokers.
Material and methods: The prevalence of smoking was studied using a standard questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximal expiratory flow at 75%, 50%, and 25% of the FVC (MEF75,50,25), were measured in all smokers.
Results: In total, 1435 individuals were interviewed including 999 males and 436 females. The number of smokers among the interviewed individuals was 183 (12.7%) including 172 male (17.2%) and 11 female (2.5%). The results showed that all values of PFTs in smokers were reduced. There were significant negative correlations between smoking duration and rate as pack/year and values of PFT (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: In this study the prevalence of smoking in the population of Mashhad city was shown for the first time. The effect of smoking on PFTs showed that smoking leads to constriction of large and medium airways, which is due to duration and rate of smoking.
Pneumonol. Alergol. Pol. 2011; 79, 1: 21-25
Get Citation

Keywords

prevalence of smoking; smoking duration; smoking amount; pulmonary function tests

About this article
Title

The prevalence of smoking among the population in the city of Mashhad (north east of Iran) and pulmonary function tests among smokers

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 79, No 1 (2011)

Pages

21-25

Published online

2010-12-28

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2011;79(1):21-25.

Keywords

prevalence of smoking
smoking duration
smoking amount
pulmonary function tests

Authors

Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Mahbobeh Mahmoudinia
Mohammad Javad Eslamizade
Morteza Boskabady
Mohammad Taghai Shakeri
Gholam Reza Heydari

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Czasopismo Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska dostęne jest również w Ikamed - księgarnia medyczna

Wydawcą serwisu jest "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl