open access

Vol 80, No 6 (2012)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2012-10-29
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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Morbid obesity as a cause of respiratory failure

Jan Zieliński
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2012;80(6):555-559.

open access

Vol 80, No 6 (2012)
REVIEWS
Published online: 2012-10-29
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

World epidemic of obesity reached Poland. Obesity may result in hypercapnic respiratory failure. This complication may be expected in morbidly obese subjects, with BMI > 35. Diagnosis is confirmed by arterial blood gas analysis showing PaO2 < 60 mm Hg and PaCO2 > 45 mm Hg. The most frequent cause of respiratoty failure is severe form of obstructive sleep apnea. In approximately 10% of patients obesity hypoventilation syndrome is diagnosed. Diagnosis is established during polysomnographic examination. Patients are treated with nocturnal ventilatory suport CPAP or BiPAP. Causative treatment is based on weight reduction. Low — calorie diet is ineffective. Bariatric surgery available in Poland is effective.

Abstract

World epidemic of obesity reached Poland. Obesity may result in hypercapnic respiratory failure. This complication may be expected in morbidly obese subjects, with BMI > 35. Diagnosis is confirmed by arterial blood gas analysis showing PaO2 < 60 mm Hg and PaCO2 > 45 mm Hg. The most frequent cause of respiratoty failure is severe form of obstructive sleep apnea. In approximately 10% of patients obesity hypoventilation syndrome is diagnosed. Diagnosis is established during polysomnographic examination. Patients are treated with nocturnal ventilatory suport CPAP or BiPAP. Causative treatment is based on weight reduction. Low — calorie diet is ineffective. Bariatric surgery available in Poland is effective.
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Keywords

morbid obesity; respiratory failure; noninvasive mechanical ventilation; bariatric surgery

About this article
Title

Morbid obesity as a cause of respiratory failure

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 80, No 6 (2012)

Pages

555-559

Published online

2012-10-29

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2012;80(6):555-559.

Keywords

morbid obesity
respiratory failure
noninvasive mechanical ventilation
bariatric surgery

Authors

Jan Zieliński

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