open access

Vol 81, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2013-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22
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The long-term variability of FeNO in pregnant asthmatic women with controlled asthma

Anna Dor-Wojnarowska, Marita Nittner-Marszalska, Jerzy Liebhart, Hanna Marszalska, Robert Pawłowicz, Małgorzata Gillert, Anna Kazimierczak, Maria Kraus-Filarska, Bernard Panaszek
Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(2):114-120.

open access

Vol 81, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2013-02-18
Submitted: 2013-02-22

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is considered as a useful, noninvasive marker of airway inflammation in asthma and allergic rhinitis. It has also been suggested that anti-inflammatory treatment guided by monitoring of exhaled NO could improve overall asthma control. However, long-term intra-subject variability of this parameter as well as the rate of its change, which can be clinically significant, have not been established yet. The aim of our study was to assess the long-term variability of FeNO in pregnant asthmatic women with controlled asthma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant, non-smoking women with asthma were recruited between 3 and 6 months of gestation. Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) spirometric parameters were measured, and the asthma control test (ACT) was completed during monthly visits up to delivery. The data of 26 subjects with well-controlled asthma during pregnancy (ACT values within the range 20–25, normal spirometric parameters, stable treatment) were analysed. The variability of FeNO values was assessed using the variation coefficient CV (standard deviation x 100%/arithmetic mean).

RESULTS: The median level of FeNO coefficient of variation (CV) was: 33.8% (range 11.3 to 121.9) in all subjects with well-controlled asthma during pregnancy. There were no statistically significant differences in FeNO variability between groups of patients who had at least one measurement of FeNO higher than 50ppb (39%; 11.8–121.9%) and those with all FeNO values below 50ppb (29.9%; 11.3–71.8%), as well as between atopic (35.7%; 11.8–121.9%) and nonatopic (24.2%; 11.3–71.8%) pregnant asthmatics (p = 0.95 and 0.11, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: High long-term variability of fractional exhaled nitric oxide values revealed in pregnant women with well-controlled asthma indicates that changes in this parameter should be interpreted with caution while being used for asthma treatment monitoring.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is considered as a useful, noninvasive marker of airway inflammation in asthma and allergic rhinitis. It has also been suggested that anti-inflammatory treatment guided by monitoring of exhaled NO could improve overall asthma control. However, long-term intra-subject variability of this parameter as well as the rate of its change, which can be clinically significant, have not been established yet. The aim of our study was to assess the long-term variability of FeNO in pregnant asthmatic women with controlled asthma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant, non-smoking women with asthma were recruited between 3 and 6 months of gestation. Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) spirometric parameters were measured, and the asthma control test (ACT) was completed during monthly visits up to delivery. The data of 26 subjects with well-controlled asthma during pregnancy (ACT values within the range 20–25, normal spirometric parameters, stable treatment) were analysed. The variability of FeNO values was assessed using the variation coefficient CV (standard deviation x 100%/arithmetic mean).

RESULTS: The median level of FeNO coefficient of variation (CV) was: 33.8% (range 11.3 to 121.9) in all subjects with well-controlled asthma during pregnancy. There were no statistically significant differences in FeNO variability between groups of patients who had at least one measurement of FeNO higher than 50ppb (39%; 11.8–121.9%) and those with all FeNO values below 50ppb (29.9%; 11.3–71.8%), as well as between atopic (35.7%; 11.8–121.9%) and nonatopic (24.2%; 11.3–71.8%) pregnant asthmatics (p = 0.95 and 0.11, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: High long-term variability of fractional exhaled nitric oxide values revealed in pregnant women with well-controlled asthma indicates that changes in this parameter should be interpreted with caution while being used for asthma treatment monitoring.

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Keywords

FeNO; long-term variability of FeNO; pregnant asthmatic women; controlled asthma

About this article
Title

The long-term variability of FeNO in pregnant asthmatic women with controlled asthma

Journal

Advances in Respiratory Medicine

Issue

Vol 81, No 2 (2013)

Pages

114-120

Published online

2013-02-18

Bibliographic record

Pneumonol Alergol Pol 2013;81(2):114-120.

Keywords

FeNO
long-term variability of FeNO
pregnant asthmatic women
controlled asthma

Authors

Anna Dor-Wojnarowska
Marita Nittner-Marszalska
Jerzy Liebhart
Hanna Marszalska
Robert Pawłowicz
Małgorzata Gillert
Anna Kazimierczak
Maria Kraus-Filarska
Bernard Panaszek

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