open access

Vol 28, No 4 (2022)
Case report
Published online: 2022-12-30
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Fenestration and duplication of contralateral internal jugular veins with concomitant cerebral arteries malformations

Mateusz Winder1, Joanna Pilch-Kowalczyk1
DOI: 10.5603/AA.2022.0018
·
Acta Angiologica 2022;28(4):175-177.
Affiliations
  1. Medical University of Silesia, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Katowice, Poland

open access

Vol 28, No 4 (2022)
Case reports
Published online: 2022-12-30

Abstract

Duplication and fenestration of IJV are rare malformations that are usually accidental findings during neck
surgeries and anatomical dissections. Their prevalence is estimated at 1–2%, while the prevalence of IJV
duplication alone is around 0.4%. This is the first reported case of both fenestration and duplication of the
contralateral IJVs and one of few that confirm the coexistence of vascular malformations in other vessels — in
this case, cerebral arteries. The awareness of the presence of IJV malformations can prevent complications
during surgeries in the neck area and vascular procedures such as IJV catheterization.

Abstract

Duplication and fenestration of IJV are rare malformations that are usually accidental findings during neck
surgeries and anatomical dissections. Their prevalence is estimated at 1–2%, while the prevalence of IJV
duplication alone is around 0.4%. This is the first reported case of both fenestration and duplication of the
contralateral IJVs and one of few that confirm the coexistence of vascular malformations in other vessels — in
this case, cerebral arteries. The awareness of the presence of IJV malformations can prevent complications
during surgeries in the neck area and vascular procedures such as IJV catheterization.

Get Citation

Keywords

internal jugular vein; duplication; fenestration; vascular malformation; aneurysm

About this article
Title

Fenestration and duplication of contralateral internal jugular veins with concomitant cerebral arteries malformations

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 28, No 4 (2022)

Article type

Case report

Pages

175-177

Published online

2022-12-30

Page views

480

Article views/downloads

47

DOI

10.5603/AA.2022.0018

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2022;28(4):175-177.

Keywords

internal jugular vein
duplication
fenestration
vascular malformation
aneurysm

Authors

Mateusz Winder
Joanna Pilch-Kowalczyk

References (12)
  1. Wang X, Peng L, Guo H, et al. Internal Jugular Vein Fenestration and Duplication: Anatomical Findings, Prevalence, and Literature Review. Front Surg. 2020; 7: 593367.
  2. Contrera KJ, Aygun N, Ward BK, et al. Internal jugular vein duplication and fenestration: Case series and literature review. Laryngoscope. 2016; 126(7): 1585–1588.
  3. Mumtaz S, Singh M. Surgical review of the anatomical variations of the internal jugular vein: an update for head and neck surgeons. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2019; 101(1): 2–6.
  4. Cvetko E, Meznarič M. Concomitant fenestration and phlebectasia of the right internal jugular vein: a unique finding in anatomical dissection. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2017; 76(3): 519–522.
  5. Burman S, Pandey S, Rao S, et al. Duplication of the internal jugular vein: a rare presentation during neck dissection. BMJ Case Rep. 2021; 14(2).
  6. Thakur JS, Sharma DR, Mohindroo NK. Double fenestration of the internal jugular vein: a rare anatomic variant. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012; 91(10): 420, 427.
  7. Towbin AJ, Kanal E. A review of two cases of fenestrated internal jugular veins as seen by CT angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004; 25(8): 1433–1434.
  8. Torres US, Teixeira AC, Sanches RÂ. Fenestrated internal jugular vein: diagnosis by multidetector CT. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2014; 25(1): 152–153.
  9. Park J, Lee I, Song C. Fenestrated Internal Jugular Vein: Case Report. Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology. 2011; 64(3): 227.
  10. Nayak SP, Ashraf M, Dam A, et al. Internal Jugular Vein Duplication: Review and Classification. Indian J Surg Oncol. 2017; 8(2): 222–226.
  11. Nayak BS. Surgically important variations of the jugular veins. Clin Anat. 2006; 19(6): 544–546.
  12. Aladham Y, Momin SM, Ahmed O, et al. Internal Jugular Vein Fenestration: An Intraoperative Finding Without a Radiological Clue. Cureus. 2022; 14(1): e21166.

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