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Vol 27, No 2 (2021)
Review paper
Published online: 2021-10-15

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Head and neck lymphedema (HNL) – a review paper.

Karolina Dorobisz1, Andrzej Szuba2, Tomasz Zatoński1
Acta Angiologica 2021;27(2):53-56.


Lymphedema is a common condition of tissue swelling and fluid retention. Due to improper tissue drainage and is a sign of lymphatic system dysfunction. It may occur on the trunk, limbs and in the head and neck region - head and neck cancer. Head and neck lymphedema is a common complication of ENT procedures. The research reveals that up to 50% of patients with head and neck cancer develop head and neck lymphedema. The lack of appropriate diagnostics and treatment of lymphedema lead to serious complications, longer hospitalization and much higher costs of treatment. Head and neck lympedema significantly increases the level of frustration in patients, especially those with cancer who experience greater stress and anxiety as a result of uncertain prognosis. Therefore, it is advisable to broaden the research on HNL diagnosis and treatment. This review presents symptoms, current diagnosis strategies, treatment and recommendations in head and neck lymphedema.

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