open access

Vol 26, No 3 (2020)
Case report
Published online: 2021-01-07
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Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy as an uncommon case of the calf enlargement — a case report and literature review

Aleksandra Kujawa, Andrzej Szuba, Rafał Małecki
DOI: 10.5603/AA.2020.0016
·
Acta Angiologica 2020;26(3):108-112.

open access

Vol 26, No 3 (2020)
Case reports
Published online: 2021-01-07

Abstract

Unilateral limb edema is a common diagnostic problem. Apart from the most common pathologies, i.e. chronic
venous insufficiency and lymphedema, differential diagnosis should include unusual causes of asymmetric extremity
edema. We presented a case of 41-year-old man with suspicion of lymphedema of the left calf, who reported
to a lymphology clinic. We discuss subsequent steps of the diagnostic procedure in case of the calf edema.
In our patient, neurogenic muscle hypertrophy was found to be the cause of the calf enlargement. The diagnosis
was confirmed by results of ultrasound, magnetic resonance, computed tomography, lymphoscintigraphy and
electromyography examinations. Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy is a very rare and unusual cause of the calf
enlargement. Nevertheless, it should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis.

Abstract

Unilateral limb edema is a common diagnostic problem. Apart from the most common pathologies, i.e. chronic
venous insufficiency and lymphedema, differential diagnosis should include unusual causes of asymmetric extremity
edema. We presented a case of 41-year-old man with suspicion of lymphedema of the left calf, who reported
to a lymphology clinic. We discuss subsequent steps of the diagnostic procedure in case of the calf edema.
In our patient, neurogenic muscle hypertrophy was found to be the cause of the calf enlargement. The diagnosis
was confirmed by results of ultrasound, magnetic resonance, computed tomography, lymphoscintigraphy and
electromyography examinations. Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy is a very rare and unusual cause of the calf
enlargement. Nevertheless, it should be taken into account in the differential diagnosis.

Get Citation

Keywords

lymphedema, neurogenic muscle hypertrophy, radiculopathy

About this article
Title

Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy as an uncommon case of the calf enlargement — a case report and literature review

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 26, No 3 (2020)

Article type

Case report

Pages

108-112

Published online

2021-01-07

DOI

10.5603/AA.2020.0016

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2020;26(3):108-112.

Keywords

lymphedema
neurogenic muscle hypertrophy
radiculopathy

Authors

Aleksandra Kujawa
Andrzej Szuba
Rafał Małecki

References (16)
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