open access

Vol 26, No 4 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-22
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Deep-vein thrombosis detection rates and consideration of the living environment in a tsunami disaster area during the disaster reconstruction phase: A cross-sectional study

Hidenori Onishi, Osamu Yamamura, Shinsaku Ueda, Muneichi Shibata, Soichi Enomoto, Fumie Maeda, Hiromasa Tsubouchi, Takeshi Hirobe, Sadao Shimizu, Takahiro Kishimoto, Hiroshi Chiba, Kazuhiro Sasaki, Kazuhiko Hanzawa, Tadanori Hamano, Yasunari Nakamoto, Bunji Kaku, Hidekazu Terasawa
DOI: 10.5603/AA.2020.0025
·
Acta Angiologica 2020;26(4):129-139.

open access

Vol 26, No 4 (2020)
Original papers
Published online: 2021-03-22

Abstract

Introduction: Tsunami victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake were screened for deep-vein thrombosis
(DVT) in order to compare the DVT incidence rates between temporary and non-temporary housing resident
groups.

Material and methods: Lower extremity venous ultrasonography was performed on 290 subjects (64 men
and 226 women; mean age = 71.9 ± 7.9 years) at 44 months after the disaster. All subjects completed
questionnaires to gather information about their background factors which included the Kessler Psychological
Distress Scale: K6.

Results: The DVT detection rate was 10.7% in the temporary group. In the non-temporary group, it was 11.3%
among the subjects who previously lived in temporary housing. For the subjects who were living in their own homes it was 9.2%. Psychological distress levels measured by K6 were significantly higher in the temporary housing
group than in the non-temporary housing group. The multivariate analysis showed that the background factor
associated with DVT risk was SV (soleal vein) dilatation in all subjects as well as in the non-temporary housing
group, while hypertension and use of sleeping pills were found to be the factors in the temporary housing group.

Conclusions: DVT detection rates were similar between the temporary and non-temporary housing groups,
and were higher than that in the Japanese general population. The psychological distress level of the tsunami
victims measured by K6 was also higher in the temporary housing group than in the non-temporary housing
group. It is necessary to establish a long-term and awareness-raising disaster victim support system.

Abstract

Introduction: Tsunami victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake were screened for deep-vein thrombosis
(DVT) in order to compare the DVT incidence rates between temporary and non-temporary housing resident
groups.

Material and methods: Lower extremity venous ultrasonography was performed on 290 subjects (64 men
and 226 women; mean age = 71.9 ± 7.9 years) at 44 months after the disaster. All subjects completed
questionnaires to gather information about their background factors which included the Kessler Psychological
Distress Scale: K6.

Results: The DVT detection rate was 10.7% in the temporary group. In the non-temporary group, it was 11.3%
among the subjects who previously lived in temporary housing. For the subjects who were living in their own homes it was 9.2%. Psychological distress levels measured by K6 were significantly higher in the temporary housing
group than in the non-temporary housing group. The multivariate analysis showed that the background factor
associated with DVT risk was SV (soleal vein) dilatation in all subjects as well as in the non-temporary housing
group, while hypertension and use of sleeping pills were found to be the factors in the temporary housing group.

Conclusions: DVT detection rates were similar between the temporary and non-temporary housing groups,
and were higher than that in the Japanese general population. The psychological distress level of the tsunami
victims measured by K6 was also higher in the temporary housing group than in the non-temporary housing
group. It is necessary to establish a long-term and awareness-raising disaster victim support system.

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Keywords

Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami disaster area, temporary housing, disaster-related diseases, psychological distress survey

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About this article
Title

Deep-vein thrombosis detection rates and consideration of the living environment in a tsunami disaster area during the disaster reconstruction phase: A cross-sectional study

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 26, No 4 (2020)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

129-139

Published online

2021-03-22

DOI

10.5603/AA.2020.0025

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2020;26(4):129-139.

Keywords

Great East Japan Earthquake
tsunami disaster area
temporary housing
disaster-related diseases
psychological distress survey

Authors

Hidenori Onishi
Osamu Yamamura
Shinsaku Ueda
Muneichi Shibata
Soichi Enomoto
Fumie Maeda
Hiromasa Tsubouchi
Takeshi Hirobe
Sadao Shimizu
Takahiro Kishimoto
Hiroshi Chiba
Kazuhiro Sasaki
Kazuhiko Hanzawa
Tadanori Hamano
Yasunari Nakamoto
Bunji Kaku
Hidekazu Terasawa

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