open access

Vol 26, No 1 (2020)
Review papers
Published online: 2020-03-25
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Selected biomarkers of atherosclerosis - clinical aspects

Stanisław Surma, Tomasz Czober, Tomasz Lepich, Oskar Sierka, Grzegorz Bajor
DOI: 10.5603/AA.2020.0005
·
Acta Angiologica 2020;26(1):28-39.

open access

Vol 26, No 1 (2020)
Review papers
Published online: 2020-03-25

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is a inflammatory-immunological-degenerative process. Cardiovascular diseases account for 42% of premature deaths among men and 52% of premature deaths among woman. Identification of classical biomarkers of atherosclerosis, such as LDL, HDL and triglycerides may not be helpful in patients with moderate or unusual cardiovascular risk. Non-classical indicators of atherosclerosis include markers of the inflammatory proces, mar-kers of atherosclerotic plaque injury, acute phase proteins, ischemic markers, markers of tissue necrosis, markers of myocardial dysfunction. The identification of CVD biomarkers enables the classification of patients to appropriate cardiovascular risk groups. Knowledge about the CVD risk group makes it possible to take rapid therapeutic intervention aimed at limiting this risk. Pharmacotherapy for cardiovascular diseases is primarily based on lowering cholesterol’s level in the blood. Additional properties of statins (the most important lipid-lowering drugs) enable their pleiotropic effect by limiting the progression of atherosclerotic lesions by reducing the volume of atherosclerotic plaque. Further research on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis will allow to learn new risk factors and new biomarkers of this disease.

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is a inflammatory-immunological-degenerative process. Cardiovascular diseases account for 42% of premature deaths among men and 52% of premature deaths among woman. Identification of classical biomarkers of atherosclerosis, such as LDL, HDL and triglycerides may not be helpful in patients with moderate or unusual cardiovascular risk. Non-classical indicators of atherosclerosis include markers of the inflammatory proces, mar-kers of atherosclerotic plaque injury, acute phase proteins, ischemic markers, markers of tissue necrosis, markers of myocardial dysfunction. The identification of CVD biomarkers enables the classification of patients to appropriate cardiovascular risk groups. Knowledge about the CVD risk group makes it possible to take rapid therapeutic intervention aimed at limiting this risk. Pharmacotherapy for cardiovascular diseases is primarily based on lowering cholesterol’s level in the blood. Additional properties of statins (the most important lipid-lowering drugs) enable their pleiotropic effect by limiting the progression of atherosclerotic lesions by reducing the volume of atherosclerotic plaque. Further research on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis will allow to learn new risk factors and new biomarkers of this disease.

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Keywords

biomarkers, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular diseases, statins

About this article
Title

Selected biomarkers of atherosclerosis - clinical aspects

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 26, No 1 (2020)

Pages

28-39

Published online

2020-03-25

DOI

10.5603/AA.2020.0005

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2020;26(1):28-39.

Keywords

biomarkers
atherosclerosis
cardiovascular risk
cardiovascular diseases
statins

Authors

Stanisław Surma
Tomasz Czober
Tomasz Lepich
Oskar Sierka
Grzegorz Bajor

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