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Vol 25, No 1 (2019)
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Published online: 2019-03-12

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Monitoring of endostatin, TNF-a VEGFs, MMP-9, and cathepsin-L during three months of diosmin treatment in patients with chronic venous disease (CVD)

Marcin Feldo12, Magdalena Wójciak-Kosior, Ireneusz Sowa, Janusz Kocki, Jacek Bogucki, Tomasz Zubilewicz, Wacław Karakuła, Anna Bogucka-Kocka
Acta Angiologica 2019;25(1):7-13.

Abstract

Introduction: Primary CVD as a result of increased venous hypertension caused mostly by reflux from valvular incompetence as an indication for venoactive drug treatment. The objective of the study was the association between three months of treatment with diosmin and changes to the angiogenic factors involved in the pathophysiology and clinical symptoms of CVD. Material and methods: 41 patients were included in the study. Plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor a (TNF-a), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A and VEGF-C), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), Cathepsine-L and endostatin were measured using an ELISA assay at baseline and after three months of diosmin administration. Clinical evaluation was performed using duplex Doppler, the VAS scale, leg circumference measurement and BMI score. Results: Three-month treatment with diosmin was associated with a statistically significant decrease in TNF-a, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, MMP-9, Cathepsin-L and endostatin plasma levels with p < 0.01 and p < 0.05 respectively. The average ankle circumference decreased significantly from 30.45 (± 2.05) to 29.0 (± 1.43) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Diosmin influence on the inflammatory and proteolytic mechanisms involved in the pathology of CVD, could modify endostatin release and angiogenic processes.

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