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Vol 24, No 1 (2018)
Published online: 2018-04-12

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Cultural and psychological determinants of pain assessment during lower limb angioplasty

Michał-Goran Stanišić1, Teresa Rzepa2, Jarosław Nakonieczny3, Przemysław Kubaszewski2, Maciej Putowski4, Marta Popek5, Athanasios Liougkos3
Acta Angiologica 2018;24(1):9-13.


Introduction. It is a common unofficial perception of surgeons performing endovascular operations that
patients living in the different social and economic environment assess pain differently during peripheral angioplasty
The objective was to examine the differences in assessing pain experienced during endovascular arterial interventions
on lower limbs, by Polish and German patients, and to analyse the psychological determinants of the
assumed differences, by referring to mental dispositions such as optimism and satisfaction with own life quality.

Material and methods. 101 patients were qualified for endovascular intervention on lower limbs arteries
— 51 Germans (M = 67.31; SD = 9.82) and 50 Poles (age M = 67.88; SD = 8.4). 37 women and 64
men were classified as Rutherford category 2–3.
Three scales were applied:
1. Life Orientation Test-Revised
2. Satisfaction With Life Scale
3. Pain Appraisal Scale which comprises emoticons showing subsequent degrees of sustained pain and the
corresponding Visual Analogue Scale.

Results. The patients from Poland graded their life quality lower than the German patients (M = 23.44; SD
= 5.977 and M = 25.94; SD = 5.584). The Poles presented a lower level of optimism (M = 15.04; SD =
3.703 vs M = 15.8; SD = 3.516). The Polish patients classified the level of pain during lower limb angioplasty
as higher than in German patients (M = 4.22; SD = 2.999 and M = 2.88; SD = 2.215) (p < 0.012).

Conclusions. Resistance to pain experienced during endovascular procedures probably depends on the
assessment of the patient’s current life situation, determined by satisfaction with own life quality and related
optimism. With great caution, it might also be supposed that resistance to pain depends on the life standard
typical of a given population

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